The nucleus contains diacylglycerol kinases ( DGKs), i.e., the enzymes that, by converting diacylglycerol ( DG) into phosphatidic acid, terminate DG-dependent events. It has been demonstrated that nuclear DGK-zeta interferes with cell cycle progression. We previously reported that nuclear DGK-zeta expression increased during myogenic differentiation, whereas its down-regulation impaired differentiation. Here, we evaluated the possible involvement of nuclear DGK-zeta in cell cycle progression of C2C12 myoblasts. Overexpression of a wild-type DGK-zeta, which mainly localized to the nucleus ( but not of a kinase dead mutant or of a mutant that did not enter the nucleus), blocked the cells in the G(1) phase of the cell cycle, as demonstrated by in situ analysis of biotinylated-16-dUTP incorporated into newly synthesized DNA and by flow cytometry. In contrast, down-regulation of endogenous DGK-zeta by short interfering RNA ( siRNA) increased the number of cells in both the S and G(2)/M phases of the cell cycle. Cell cycle arrest of cells overexpressing wild-type DGK-zeta was accompanied by decreased levels of retinoblastoma protein phosphorylated on Ser-807/811. Down-regulation of endogenous DGK-zeta, using siRNA, prevented the cell cycle block characterizing C2C12 cell myogenic differentiation. Overall, our results identify nuclear DGK-zeta as a key determinant of cell cycle progression and differentiation of C2C12 cells. -Evangelisti, C., Tazzari, P. L., Riccio, M., Fiume, R., Hozumi, Y., Fala, F., Goto, K., Manzoli, L., Cocco, L., Martelli, A. M. Nuclear diacylglycerol kinase-zeta is a negative regulator of cell cycle progression in C2C12 mouse myoblasts.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Titolo:||Nuclear diacylglycerol kinase-zeta is a negative regulator of cell cycle progression in C2C12 mouse myoblasts|
|Autori:||C. Evangelisti; P. L. Tazzari; M. Riccio; R. Fiume; Y. Hozumi; F. Fala; K. Goto; L. Manzoli; L. Cocco; A. M. Martelli|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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