We present a molecular dynamics analysis of the static friction between two thick slabs. The upper block is formed by N2 molecules and the lower block by Pb atoms. We study the effects of the temperature as well as the effects produced by the structure of the surface of the lower block on the static friction. To put in evidence the temperature effects we will compare the results obtained with the lower block formed by still atoms withthose obtained when the atoms are allowed to vibrate (e.g., with phonons). To investigate the importance of the geometry of the surface of the lower block we apply the external force in different directions, with respect to a chosen crystallographic direction of the substrate. We show that the interaction between the lattice dynamics of the two blocks is responsible for the strong dependence of the static friction on the temperature. The latticedynamics interaction between the two blocks strongly reduces the static friction, with respect to the case of the rigid substrate. This is due to the large momentum transfer between atoms and the N2 molecules which disorders the molecules of the interface layer. A further disorder is introduced by the temperature. We perform calculations at T=20 K which is a temperature below the melting, which for our slab is at 50 K. We found that because of the disorder the static friction becomes independent of the direction of the external applied force. The very low value of the static friction seems to indicate that we are in a regime of thermolubricity similar to that observed in dynamical friction.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo:||Thermal effects in static friction: thermolubricity|
|Autori:||A. Franchini; V. Bortolani; G. Santoro; M. Brigazzi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevE.78.046107|
|Pagina finale:||6 pagine|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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