To understand better the mechanism of the increase in airway responsiveness associated with late asthmatic reactions, we determined the time course of toluene diisocyanate (TDI) effect on airway responsiveness in six sensitized subjects who exhibited a late asthmatic response after TDI exposure (0.018 +/- 0.005 ppm, 30 min) in the laboratory. Airway responsiveness was assessed before TDI exposure and then at 8 hr, 1 day, 1 wk, and 1 mo after TDI exposure. To assess responsiveness we determined the provocative dose of methacholine causing a decrease in FEV1 of 20% (PD20FEV1). The methacholine PD20 decreased from 0.50 mg geometric standard error of the mean (GSEM = 1.54) to 0.06 mg (GSEM = 1.55) (p less than 0.001) at 8 hr after exposure to TDI, was still decreased to 0.15 mg (GSEM = 1.93) (p less than 0.05) at 1 day, returned to 0.26 mg (GSEM = 1.91) (p greater than 0.05) at 1 wk, and returned to 0.43 mg (GSEM = 1.71) at 1 mo, indicating that full recovery occurred within 1 to 4 wk. These results demonstrate that TDI-induced late asthmatic response is associated with a reversible increase in airway responsiveness to methacholine and suggest that the TDI effect is linked to an acute inflammatory response in the airways.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1985|
|Titolo:||Time course of the increase in airway responsiveness associated with late asthmatic reactions to toluene diisocyanate in sensitized subjects.|
|Autore/i:||C. E. Mapp; R. Polato; P. Maestrelli; D. J. Hendrick; L. M. Fabbri|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:A1985AHV0700005|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0021836384|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||2985677|
|Citazione:||Time course of the increase in airway responsiveness associated with late asthmatic reactions to toluene diisocyanate in sensitized subjects / C. E. Mapp; R. Polato; P. Maestrelli; D. J. Hendrick; L. M. Fabbri. - In: JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0091-6749. - STAMPA. - 75(1985), pp. 568-572.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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