We investigated whether late asthmatic reactions and the associated increase in airway responsiveness induced by toluene diisocyanate (TDI) in sensitized subjects are inhibited by indomethacin and/or prednisone. Four sets of experiments were conducted in five subjects sensitized to TDI. To assess late asthmatic reactions to TDI, FEV1 was measured immediately before and after exposure to TDI and then hourly for 8 h. To assess change in airway responsiveness, the provocative dose (mg) of methacholine that caused a decrease in FEV1 of 20% (PD20FEV1) before treatment, and then before and after exposure to TDI was measured. In the first set of experiments, each subject was given no treatment and was studied before and 8 h after exposure to TDI; in the other two sets, each subject was studied before treatment, then during treatment with indomethacin (50 mg q.i.d. for 3 days, orally) or prednisone (50 mg once a day, for 3 days, orally), both before and 8 h after TDI exposure. In a fourth series of experiments, each subject was again given no treatment and studied before and 8 h after TDI. When the subjects were given no treatment or indomethacin, TDI caused late asthmatic reactions and increased airway responsiveness to inhaled methacholine. In contrast, when the subjects were given prednisone, TDI caused neither late asthmatic reactions nor increased airway responsiveness. Treatment with indomethacin and prednisone did not change baseline FEV1 and airway responsiveness. These results suggest that release of prostaglandins does not contribute to late asthmatic reactions and the associated increase in airway responsiveness induced by TDI. Inflammatory mediators inhibited by prednisone but not by indomethacin may be involved.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1985|
|Titolo:||Prednisone, indomethacin and airway responsiveness in toluene diisocyanate sensitized subjects.|
|Autori:||L. M. Fabbri; R. Di Giacomo; L. Dal Vecchio; E. Zocca; N. De Marzo; P. Maestrelli; C. E. Mapp|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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