The precise locations of neurokinin (NK)-1 and NK-2 receptors in human airways, and their role in airway inflammatory diseases, have not been carefully examined. To determine the distribution of NK-1 and NK-2 receptors in human central airways, and to determine whether their distribution was different in smokers, we examined surgical specimens from patients undergoing lung resection for limited lung lesions. We mapped NK-1 and NK-2 receptors in four groups of subjects: four asymptomatic nonsmokers, seven asymptomatic smokers, seven symptomatic smokers with normal lung function, and eight symptomatic smokers with chronic airflow limitation. Tissues were immunostained with anti-NK-1- and anti-NK-2-receptor antibodies. Expression of NK-1 and NK-2 receptors was quantified through light microscopy and image analysis. Both NK-1 and NK-2 receptors were found in bronchial glands, bronchial vessels, and bronchial smooth muscle. Although no receptors were observed in the epithelium, receptors were occasionally found in nerves (NK-1) and in inflammatory cells (NK-2) such as T lymphocytes, macrophages, and mast cells. The distribution of both NK-1 and NK-2 receptors was similar in all the tissues examined in the four groups of subjects. These data show that NK-1 and NK-2 receptors are present in human central airways and that their expression is not modified by cigarette smoking.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||The distribution of neurokinin-1 and neurokinin-2 receptors in human central airways.|
|Autori:||C. E. Mapp; D. Miotto; F. Braccioni; M. Saetta; G. Turato; P. Maestrelli; J. E. Krause; V. Karpitskiy; N. Boyd; P. Geppetti; L. M. Fabbri|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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