Pulmonary fungal infections complicating hematological malignancies are difficult to diagnose antemortem because clinical findings are actually considered to be not specific. From December 1984 to June 1986 we documented the clinical findings in sixteen patients, 9 with ANLL, 6 with ALL and 1 with CML + BC; all patients were diagnosed as pulmonary fungal infection and treated for this complication. Pulmonary infiltrates occurred after severe aplasia (range 5-90 days) or during bone marrow relapse. We studied pulmonary signs and symptoms (pleuritic pain, cough, hemoptysis, shortness of breath, rales, rub, bronchial murmur) both at the beginning and during the management of this infectious complication and we related them to chest x-ray findings, the duration of granulocytopenia, and fever. Our purpose was to identify clinical characteristics for these episodes and establish roentgenological criteria for prognosis. These findings should improve the possibilities for an early diagnosis and prompt treatment.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Titolo:||[Pulmonary mycosis as a complication of acute leukemia in the adult. Diagnostic study]|
|Autori:||E. Clini; P. Maffé; E. Pogliani; E. E. Polli|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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