An involvement of neurogenic components in the pathogenesis of psoriatic lesions has been suggested and neuropeptides are thought to play a modulatory role in cutaneous inflammation. In this study, we evaluated the immunoreactivity of the neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and substance P (SP) in the skin of patients with chronic plaque psoriasis, by immunohistochemistry and radioimmunoassay. No differences were observed, by immunohistochemistry, in the expression and localization of VIP and SP between psoriatic and normal skin. Using the radioimmunologic technique on whole skin homogenates, VIP levels were significantly increased in psoriatic lesions as compared to normal skin. By contrast, SP levels were significantly lower in lesional and non-lesional psoriatic skin than in normal skin. In addition, we examined the effect of VIP and SP on the proliferation of cultured normal human keratinocytes. VIP (1-28) (1 nM-1 microM) as well as VIP fragments (10-28) (1 nM-1 microM) and (22-28) (1 nM-1 microM) stimulated the proliferation of keratinocytes in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the VIP fragment (1-12) (1 nM-1 microM) was ineffective. The VIP antagonist (N-Ac-Tyr1, D-Phe2)-GRF (1-29)-NH2 (0.1 microM) significantly inhibited the VIP effect on keratinocytes. On the other hand, SP (0.1 microM) not only failed to stimulate keratinocyte growth, but also blocked the VIP-induced stimulation of these cells. The imbalance of cutaneous VIP and SP and their disparate effects on the proliferation of normal human keratinocytes in culture would suggest that these peptides are involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis and may exert different modulatory activities in the mechanisms underlying the psoriatic lesion

Substance P is diminished and vasoactive intestinal peptide is augmented in psoriatic lesions and these peptides exert disparate effects on the proliferation of cultured human keratinocytes / Pincelli, Carlo; F., Fantini; P., Romualdi; C., Sevignani; G., Lesa; Benassi, Luisa; Giannetti, Alberto. - In: JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-202X. - STAMPA. - 98:(1992), pp. 421-427.

Substance P is diminished and vasoactive intestinal peptide is augmented in psoriatic lesions and these peptides exert disparate effects on the proliferation of cultured human keratinocytes

PINCELLI, Carlo;BENASSI, Luisa;GIANNETTI, Alberto
1992-01-01

Abstract

An involvement of neurogenic components in the pathogenesis of psoriatic lesions has been suggested and neuropeptides are thought to play a modulatory role in cutaneous inflammation. In this study, we evaluated the immunoreactivity of the neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and substance P (SP) in the skin of patients with chronic plaque psoriasis, by immunohistochemistry and radioimmunoassay. No differences were observed, by immunohistochemistry, in the expression and localization of VIP and SP between psoriatic and normal skin. Using the radioimmunologic technique on whole skin homogenates, VIP levels were significantly increased in psoriatic lesions as compared to normal skin. By contrast, SP levels were significantly lower in lesional and non-lesional psoriatic skin than in normal skin. In addition, we examined the effect of VIP and SP on the proliferation of cultured normal human keratinocytes. VIP (1-28) (1 nM-1 microM) as well as VIP fragments (10-28) (1 nM-1 microM) and (22-28) (1 nM-1 microM) stimulated the proliferation of keratinocytes in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the VIP fragment (1-12) (1 nM-1 microM) was ineffective. The VIP antagonist (N-Ac-Tyr1, D-Phe2)-GRF (1-29)-NH2 (0.1 microM) significantly inhibited the VIP effect on keratinocytes. On the other hand, SP (0.1 microM) not only failed to stimulate keratinocyte growth, but also blocked the VIP-induced stimulation of these cells. The imbalance of cutaneous VIP and SP and their disparate effects on the proliferation of normal human keratinocytes in culture would suggest that these peptides are involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis and may exert different modulatory activities in the mechanisms underlying the psoriatic lesion
98
421
427
Substance P is diminished and vasoactive intestinal peptide is augmented in psoriatic lesions and these peptides exert disparate effects on the proliferation of cultured human keratinocytes / Pincelli, Carlo; F., Fantini; P., Romualdi; C., Sevignani; G., Lesa; Benassi, Luisa; Giannetti, Alberto. - In: JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-202X. - STAMPA. - 98:(1992), pp. 421-427.
Pincelli, Carlo; F., Fantini; P., Romualdi; C., Sevignani; G., Lesa; Benassi, Luisa; Giannetti, Alberto
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