Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare, invasive, and locally destructive tumor of the nasopharynx. The Writ pathway, angiogenctic and hormonal factors are involved in the pathophysiology of JNA; it can result in an extracolonic manifestation of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or in a sporadic tumor. All patients who underwent resection of JNA between 1991 and 2006 at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia were studied to identify immunohistochemical markers of associated FAP syndrome. Paraffin-embedded JNA samples were analyzed immunohistochemically for the expression of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), beta-catenin, E-cadherin, androgen receptor, and vascular endothelial growth factors receptor (VEGFR(2)). In one out of the 4 (25%) young patients affected by JNA the diagnosis of FAP syndrome linked to APC mutation was made. All of the sporadic and familial JNA tumors showed nuclear staining of beta-catenin, whereas altered APC expression was seen only in FAP-associated JNA. All cases were stained with VEGFR(2). A combined clinical, immunohistochemical, and biomolecular screening may be useful for the identification of FAP among patients with a diagnosis of JNA. The Writ pathway can be involved in the JNA pathogenesis either by somatic mutations of beta-catenin or by germline APC mutations. As the VEGFR has an important impact on the pathogenesis of JNA, we suggest that a targeted therapy with monoclonal antibodies against VEGFR might lead to a specific chemoprevention and treatment of these tumors and their recurrences.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Titolo:||Wnt pathway, angiogenetic and hormonal markers in sporadic and familial adenomatous polyposis-associated juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibromas (JNA)|
|Autori:||G. Ponti; L. Losi; G. Pellacani; G. B. Rossi; L. Presutti; F. Mattioli; D. Villari; L. Wannesson; M. Alicandri-Ciufelli; P. Izzo; M. De Rosa; P. Marone; S. Seidenari|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/PAI.0b013e31806bee12|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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