Functional magnetic resonance imaging, in particular the BOLD-fMRI technique, plays a dominant role in human brain mapping studies, mostly because of its non-invasiveness, good spatial and acceptable temporal resolution in comparison with other techniques. The main goal of fMRI data analysis has been to reveal the distributed patterns of brain areas involved in specific functions and their interactions, by applying a variety of univariate or multivariate statistical methods with model-basedor data-driven approaches. In the last few years, a growing number of studies have taken a different approach, where the direction of analysis is reversed in order to probe whether fMRI signals can be used to predict perceptual or cognitive states. In this study we wished to test the feasibility of predicting the perceived pain intensity in healthy volunteers, based on fMRI signals collected during an experimental pain paradigm lasting several minutes. To this end, we tested and optimized one methodological approach based on new regularization learning algorithms on this regression problem.
Predicting subjective pain perception based on BOLD-fMRI signals: a new machine learning approach / Favilla, Stefania; Prato, Marco; Zanni, Luca; Porro, Carlo Adolfo; Baraldi, Patrizia. - STAMPA. - (2008), pp. 551-552. (Intervento presentato al convegno Congresso Nazionale di Bioingegneria 2008 tenutosi a Pisa nel 3-5 luglio 2008).