Encephalopathy with electrical status epilepticus during sleep or ESES is an age-dependent and self-limited syndrome whose distinctive features include a characteristic age of onset (with a peak around 4±5 years), heterogeneous seizures types (mostly partial motor or unilateral seizures during sleep and absences or falls while awake), a typical EEG pattern (with continuous and diffuse paroxysms occupying at least 85% of slow wave sleep) and a variable neuropsychological regression consisting of IQ decrease, reduction of language (as in acquired aphasia or Landau±Kleffner syndrome), disturbance of behaviour (psychotic states) and motor impairment (in the form of ataxia, dyspraxia,dystonia or unilateral defcit). Despite the long-term favourable outcome of epilepsy and status epilepticus during sleep (SES), the prognosis is guarded because of the persistence of severe neuropsychological and/or motor defcits in approximately half of the patients. No specifctreatment has been advocated for this syndrome, but valproate sodium, benzodiazepines and ACTH have been shown to control the seizuresand the SES pattern in many cases, although often only temporarily. Subpial transection is proposed in some instances as in non-regressiveacquired aphasia. Recent data support the concept that ESES syndrome may include a large subset of developmental or acquired regressiveconditions of infancy
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||Encephalopathy with electrical status epilepticus during slow sleep or ESES syndrome including the acquired aphasia|
|Autori:||C.A. Tassinari; G. Rubboli; L. Volpi; S. Meletti; G. d'Orsi; M. Franca; A.R. Sabetta; P. Riguzzi; E. Gardella; A. Zaniboni; R. Michelucci|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S1388-2457(00)00408-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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