An increased oxidative stress is now considered one of the major risk factors in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients that may be exacerbated by dialysis. It has been postulated that this increased oxidative stress might cause an augmented red blood cell (RBC) membrane lipid peroxidation with the consequent alteration in membrane deformability. The aim of this study was to evaluate RBC susceptibility to an in vitro induced oxidative stress and RBC antioxidant potential in different groups of CRF patients undergoing different substitutive treatment modalities. Fifteen end-stage CRF patients were evaluated in conservative treatment, 23 hemodialysis (HD) patients, 15 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, 15 kidney transplanted patients, and 16 controls. Their RBCs were incubated with the oxidative stress-inducing agent tert-butylhydroperoxide both in the presence and in the absence of the catalase inhibitor sodium azide, and the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) (a product of lipid peroxidation), was measured at 0, 5, 10, 15, and 30 min of incubation. In addition, the RBC content of reduced glutathione (GSH) was measured by HPLC. As opposed to the controls, RBCs from end-stage CRF patients exhibited an increased sensitivity to oxidative stress induced in vitro, both in the absence and presence of a catalase inhibitor, as demonstrated by a significantly higher level of MDA production at all the incubation times (P < 0.05). Different substitutive treatments had different impacts on this phenomenon; CAPD and kidney transplantation were able to normalize this alteration while HD was not. GSH appeared to be related to the increase in RBC susceptibility to oxidative stress; its content being significantly elevated in end-stage CRF and HD patients as compared with CAPD and transplanted patients and controls (P < 0.05). No significant changes were observed in the RBC glutathione content during the HD session. The increase of GSH in RBCs of end-stage CRF and HD patients seems to indicate the existence of an adaptive mechanism under increased oxidative stress occurring in vivo. Unlike HD, the beneficial effect of CAPD on the anemia of dialysis patients might partly be due to a condition of lower oxidative stress that might in addition counterbalance the cardiovascular negative effects of dislipidemia of CAPD patients.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Titolo:||Erythrocyte susceptibility to oxidative stress in chronic renal failure patients under different substitutive treatments|
|Autori:||LUCCHI L; BERGAMINI S; IANNONE A; PERRONE S; STIPO L; OLMEDA F; CARUSO F; TOMASI A; ALBERTAZZI A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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