This paper explores the structure of the Italian capitalistic system network by focusing on the relationships between financial - banks, insurances and holdings - and industrial firms in Italy during the periodo 1952-83 through the analysis of the interlocks that existed between them. By an interlock is meant the link created between two firms when an individual belongs to the board of directors of both. The analysis is based on a database - Imita.db - containing data on more than 300,000 directors of Italian joint-stock companies for the years 1952, 1960, 1972 and 1983. After showing a descriptive statistics of the companies and directors included in the database, the paper develops a network connectivity analysis of the system. This is integrated by a prosopographic study about the big linkers, defined as those directors cumulating the highest number of offices in each benchmark year. The paper sonfirms that the Italian capitalism maintained substantial peculiarities in the period investigate. In particular, it argues that interlocks played an important role in guaranteeing the stability of the positions of control of the major private companies and their connections with State-owned enterprises. In 1952 and 1960 the system, centred on the larger electrical companies, showed the highest degree of cohesion. That centre dissolved after the nationalisation of the electricity industry in 1962 and was replaced by a less strong and cohesive one, hinged on banks, insurances and the major finance companies. At the beginning of the 1980s, the centre appeared to have been further reshaped with the marginalisation of state-owned enterprises.

The structure of Italian capitalism, 1952-1983: new evidence using the interlocking directorates technique / Rinaldi, Alberto. - ELETTRONICO. - (2006), pp. 1-45. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 10th Annual Conference of the European Business History Association "The Dynamics of Capitalism and Business Enterprise - 200 Years of Business Success, Failure and Scandal" tenutosi a COPENHAGEN nel 17-19 AUGUST 2006.

The structure of Italian capitalism, 1952-1983: new evidence using the interlocking directorates technique

RINALDI, Alberto
2006

Abstract

This paper explores the structure of the Italian capitalistic system network by focusing on the relationships between financial - banks, insurances and holdings - and industrial firms in Italy during the periodo 1952-83 through the analysis of the interlocks that existed between them. By an interlock is meant the link created between two firms when an individual belongs to the board of directors of both. The analysis is based on a database - Imita.db - containing data on more than 300,000 directors of Italian joint-stock companies for the years 1952, 1960, 1972 and 1983. After showing a descriptive statistics of the companies and directors included in the database, the paper develops a network connectivity analysis of the system. This is integrated by a prosopographic study about the big linkers, defined as those directors cumulating the highest number of offices in each benchmark year. The paper sonfirms that the Italian capitalism maintained substantial peculiarities in the period investigate. In particular, it argues that interlocks played an important role in guaranteeing the stability of the positions of control of the major private companies and their connections with State-owned enterprises. In 1952 and 1960 the system, centred on the larger electrical companies, showed the highest degree of cohesion. That centre dissolved after the nationalisation of the electricity industry in 1962 and was replaced by a less strong and cohesive one, hinged on banks, insurances and the major finance companies. At the beginning of the 1980s, the centre appeared to have been further reshaped with the marginalisation of state-owned enterprises.
10th Annual Conference of the European Business History Association "The Dynamics of Capitalism and Business Enterprise - 200 Years of Business Success, Failure and Scandal"
COPENHAGEN
17-19 AUGUST 2006
1
45
Rinaldi, Alberto
The structure of Italian capitalism, 1952-1983: new evidence using the interlocking directorates technique / Rinaldi, Alberto. - ELETTRONICO. - (2006), pp. 1-45. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 10th Annual Conference of the European Business History Association "The Dynamics of Capitalism and Business Enterprise - 200 Years of Business Success, Failure and Scandal" tenutosi a COPENHAGEN nel 17-19 AUGUST 2006.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/587822
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