Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) shows a particular aggressive behaviour. Tumour associated macrophages (TAMs) play an important role in tumour growth and progression and CC ligand 2 (CCL2)/CCR2 axis is markedly involved in their recruitment in the tumour mass from the circulation. The aim of this study was to determine the plasma levels of CCL2 and the expression of CCR2 in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 18 smokers with NSCLC, eight healthy smokers and nine non-smokers. Then, we investigated CCL2 levels in the supernatants of unstimulated and LPS-stimulated PBMC cultures of the same groups of patients. CCL2 levels in plasma and supernatants of PBMC cultures were determined by ELISA. CCR2 expression in PBMC cytospins was assessed by immunocytochemistry. CCL2 plasma levels and CCR2 expression by PBMCs were similar in patients with NSCLC, healthy smokers and non-smokers. In the supernatants of unstimulated PBMC cultures, CCL2 content was not different between the three groups of subjects. Supernatants of LPS-stimulated PBMCs of NSCLC patients showed a higher content of CCL2 as compared to supernatants of non-smokers (p<0.005). CCL2 content increased 28.5-fold vs baseline production in the group of NSCLC patients, 15-fold in healthy smokers and 13-fold in the group of non-smokers. In conclusion, after LPS stimulation, PBMCs of patients with NSCLC release higher levels of CCL2 as compared to those of non-smokers, supporting the hypothesis of a CCL2 involvement in NSCLC biology.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Titolo:||CC ligand 2 levels are increased in LPS-stimulated peripheral monocytes of patients with non-small cell lung cancer.|
|Autori:||D. MIOTTO; P. BOSCHETTO; I. BONONI; G. MILANI; C. LEGORINI; G. CAVALLESCO; N. LO CASCIO; E. ZENI; L. FABBRI; C.E. MAPP|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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