People tracking deals with problems of shape changes, self-occlusions and track occlusions due to other interfering tracks and fixed objects that hide parts of the people shape. These problems are more critical in indoor surveillance and in particular in home automation settings, in which the need to merge information obtained form different cameras distributed around the house calls for the integration of reliable data obtained during time. Therefore, tracking algorithms should be carefully tuned to cope with occlusions and shape changes, working not only at pixel level but also at region level. In this work we provide a novel technique for object tracking, based on probabilistic masks and appearance models. Occlusions due to other tracks or due to background objects and false occlusions are discriminated. The classification of occluded regions of the track is exploited in a selective model update. The tracking system is general enough to be applied with any motion segmentation module, it can track people interacting each other and it maintains the pixel to track assignment even with large occlusions. At the same time, the model update is very reactive, so as to cope with sudden body motion and silhouette's shape changes. Due to its robustness, it has been used in different experiments of people behavior control in indoor situations.
Track-based and object-based occlusion for people tracking refinement in indoor surveillance / Cucchiara, Rita; Grana, Costantino; Tardini, Giovanni. - STAMPA. - (2004), pp. 81-87. (Intervento presentato al convegno VSSN'04 - Proceedings of the ACM Second International Workshop on Video Surveillance and Sensor Networks tenutosi a New York, NY, usa nel Oct 15-16) [10.1145/1026799.1026814].