A number of issues become relevant in the interpretation of textual voices: the voice presented as the source, the ways in which the “original” message is presented, the explicit signals of reporting used, and the attitudes thus attributed to the reporting and the reported speaker/writer. The authors look at the interplay between the voices that are variously reported, echoed, summarized by the text and the basic argumentative roles of Discourse (the theses globally supported by the writer, as Proponent) and Counter-discourse (the discourse of the intended Opponent). Their main interest is in the relationship between textual voices and disciplinary argument in the epistemology of disciplines and disciplinary-based ethos. Th study id based on corpora of article openings in two “soft disciplines”: history and economics. Using specialized corpora of research articles in English and subcorpora of article openings, the study provides a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the status of article openings – the starting point of the argument – in terms of the types of voices presented and of the main function of the research article, i.e. that of establishing knowledge claims. Focusing on features like the use of initial citation, direct discourse, types of voices and epistemological positions adopted in the text, they highlight the difference between the two disciplinary discourses. Historical openings – when compared to economics openings – highlight the narrative of their object, as well as the dialectic of discourse and counter-discourse. References to historical data is foregrounded by giving voice to discourse actors. What is backgrounded is rather the idea of research as being “model-based” testing of a theory or of a hypothesis: the researcher tends to hide behind the data and appear rather as a neutral reporter, while still making explicit recourse to pre-existing theories or interpretations. Economics, on the other hand, foregrounds the discursive nature of knowledge, by giving voice to the disciplinary community, often through generalized references to widely accepted knowledge that the writer wants to refine or redefine.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Titolo:||"Textual voices. A cross-disciplinary study of attribution in academic discourse"|
|Autori:||M. BONDI; SILVER M.S.|
|Titolo del libro:||Evaluation in Oral and Written Academic discourse|
|Collana:||Varietà di testi - Varietà di Lingue|
|Nome editore:||Officina edizioni|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Capitolo/Saggio|
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