BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The striatum is one of the regions most sensitive to transient forebrain ischemia. After 30-minute ischemia, areas of massive neuronal degeneration are clearly detectable a few hours after the insult and attain their maximal extension 24 hours after the insult. However, for most cellular and neurochemical parameters it is not known whether some recovery occurs at later times. We examined certain cell populations in the caudate putamen at different times after transient ischemia.METHODS:Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 30-minute forebrain ischemia (four-vessel occlusion model). Six experimental groups were considered: control animals and ischemic animals killed 4 hours, 1 day, 7 days, 40 days, and 8 months after reperfusion. Three striatal cell populations were examined by means of immunocytochemistry coupled to computer-assisted image analysis: vulnerable medium spiny neurons, resistant aspiny neurons, and reactive astrocytes, labeled for their content of dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein mr32 (DARPP-32), somatostatin and neuropeptide Y, and glial fibrillary acidic protein, respectively.RESULTS:(1) The area containing DARPP-32 immunoreactive neurons was markedly decreased (15% to 20% of control caudate putamen area) at 1 day after reperfusion and partially recovered at the following times (40% to 50% at 7 days and 50% to 60% at 40 days and 8 months after reperfusion). (2) The appearance of reactive astrocytes was precocious (4 hours to 1 day after ischemia) in the medial caudate putamen, the region in which DARPP-32 recovered within 40 days after ischemia, and late (7 to 40 days after ischemia) in the lateral caudate putamen, where no DARPP-32 recovery was detected. (3) Neuropeptide Y/somatostatin-containing neurons resisted the ischemic insult and could be detected in areas devoid of DARPP-32 immunoreactive neurons as long as 8 months after reperfusion.CONCLUSIONS:The present results show a marked recovery of DARPP-32-positive neurons within 40 days after 30-minute forebrain ischemia in the medial, but not the lateral, caudate putamen. Medial caudate putamen also contains a high density of reactive astrocytes on the first day after ischemia, suggesting that astrocytic support has an important role in the spontaneous recovery of ischemic neurons.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Titolo:||Short- and long-term changes in striatal neurons and astroglia after transient forebrain ischemia in rats|
|Autori:||M. ZOLI; GRIMALDI R.; FERRARI R.; ZINI I.; AGNATI L.F.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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