Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit genes compose a family of genes. The major isoform of nAChR in the brain is made up of the alpha4 and beta2 subunits and possesses a high affinity for nicotine. To investigate the mechanisms of the regulation of the nAChR alpha4 gene expression in mouse, its genomic DNA was cloned and characterized. The transcription initiation site was mapped by primer extension and RNase protection experiments and localized at about 254 bp upstream of the translation initiation site. The 5' flanking region of this gene did not have typical TATA box but GC-rich sequences were found around the initiation site. Methylation analysis of this region revealed that genomic DNAs from liver and muscle are partially methylated, whereas little methylation was observed in genomic DNA from brain. To characterize the cis-acting elements driving cell-specific expression of the alpha4 subunit gene, we produced lines of transgenic mice which carry a series of fragments of the alpha4 gene fused with bacterial lacZ as a reporter gene. An 11.5-kb DNA fragment containing 9 kb of the region upstream of the transcription initiation site and the first intron was found to confer an expression pattern which coincides rather well with the endogenous gene expression pattern at early embryonic stages, suggesting that the elements necessary for the onset of alpha4 gene expression are located in this region. A DNA fragment containing the 1.8-kb upstream sequence and the first intron drove expression of lacZ in a limited subset of alpha4 expressing cells, whereas the 1.8-kb upstream sequence alone did not elicit any significant expression. These results show that both upstream and intronic sequences are important for cell-specific expression of the nAChR alpha4 gene.
Promoter analysis of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor a4 gene: methylation and expression of the transgene / Watanabe, A.; Zoli, Michele; Changeux, J. P.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 0953-816X. - STAMPA. - 10(1998), pp. 2244-2253.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Titolo:||Promoter analysis of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor a4 gene: methylation and expression of the transgene.|
|Autore/i:||Watanabe, A.; Zoli, Michele; Changeux, J. P.|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000074702700005|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0031812762|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||9749753|
|Citazione:||Promoter analysis of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor a4 gene: methylation and expression of the transgene / Watanabe, A.; Zoli, Michele; Changeux, J. P.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 0953-816X. - STAMPA. - 10(1998), pp. 2244-2253.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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