In a recent contribution [Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 046101 (2003)] we used polarization-dependent, Ni K edge, x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) to probe the structure of ultrathin NiO epilayers deposited on Ags001d.In that experiment samples were measured ex-situ and a 5 ML-thick MgO cap was used to avoid the hydroxylation of the NiO film. In the present paper we report complementary O K edge XAS data on the same system; NiO epilayers, in the 3–50 ML thickness range, were grown in situ in the end station of the ALOISA beamline of the ELETTRA facility. A quantitative analysis of the data in the extended energy range has been performedusing multiple scattering simulations. We found that, even in the ultrathin limit, the local structure of the filmis rock-salt and we obtained a quantitative evaluation of the average in-plane and out-of-plane film strain as a function of the film thickness T. An in-plane compressive strain, due to lattice mismatch with the Ag substrate, is clearly present for the 3 ML film, being the in- and out-of-plane nearest neighbor distances equal to ri=2.048±0.016 Å and r'=2.116±0.018 Å. These values are in agreement with the expected behavior for atetragonal distortion of the unit cell. The growth-induced strain is gradually released with increasing T: it is stillappreciable for 10 ML but is completely relaxed at 50 ML. Any significant intermixing with the Ag substratehas been ruled out. Combining O and Ni K edge results we can conclude that NiO films grow on Ags001d inthe O-on-Ag configuration, with an interface distance d=2.28±0.08 Å. This expansion of the interplanardistance is in agreement with recent ab initio simulations. A comparison with the similar MgO/Ags001d systemis also performed.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Titolo:||OK-edge x-ray absorption study of ultrathin NiO epilayers deposited in situ on Ag(001)|
|Autore/i:||E. Groppo; C. Prestipino; C. Lamberti; R. Carboni; F. Boscherini; P. Luches; S. Valeri; S. D'Addato|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000224856000082|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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