Due to the lack of suitable in-process sensors, on-line monitoring of fermentation processes is restricted almost exclusively to the measurement of physical parameters only indirectly related to key process variables, i.e., substrate, product, and biomass concentration. This obstacle can be overcome by near infrared(NIR) spectroscopy, which allows not only real-time process monitoring, but also automated process control, provided that NIR-generated information is fed to a suitable computerized bioreactor control system. Once the relevant calibrations have been obtained, substrate, biomass and product concentration can be evaluated online and used by the bioreactor control system to manage the fermentation. In this work, an NIR-based controlsystem allowed the full automation of a small-scale pilot plant for lactic acid production and provided an excellent tool for process optimization. The growth-inhibiting effect of lactic acid present in the culture broth is enhanced when the growth-limiting substrate, glucose, is also present at relatively high concentrations. Both combined factors can result in a severe reduction of the performance of the lactate production process. A dedicated software enabling on-line NIR data acquisition and reduction,and automated process management through feed addition, culture removal and/or product recovery by microfiltration was developed in order to allow the implementation of continuous fermentation processes with recycling of culture medium and cell recycling. Both operation modes were tested at different dilution rates and the respective cultivation parameters observed werecompared with those obtained in a conventional continuous fermentation. Steady states were obtained in both modes with high performance on lactate production. The highest lactate volumetric productivity, 138 g L−1 h−1, was obtained in continuous fermentation with cell recycling.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||Enhanced production of L-(+) lactic acid in chemostat by Lactobacillus casei DSM20011 using anion-exchange resins and cross-flow filtration in a fully automated pilot plant controlled via NIR.3|
|Autori:||A. GONZALEZ VARA; G. VACCARI; E. DOSI; A. TRILLI; M. ROSSI; D. MATTEUZZI|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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