A simple and efficient formulation is developed to describe the effects of wind speed and directionon ground level precipitation intercepted by steep mountain slopes. A 3D rainfall field is reproduced frommeasurements of (vertical) precipitation intensity, wind speed, and wind direction. The Marshall-Palmer dropsize distribution is used to express the volumetric precipitation water content as a function of measured precipitationintensity, and raindrops are assumed to move horizontally with the measured wind speed and direction.Land topography is described using digital elevation model data, and local contributions to ground level precipitationare calculated as the interception of the obtained 3D rainfall field by horizontal and vertical surfacesthat constitute the elemental land surface systems. The developed formulation is tested at the Acquabona andFiames mountain slopes, located in the Northern Italian Dolomites, near the town of Cortina d’Ampezzo, wheredebris flow phenomena often occur. Simulation results are corroborated, although in an indirect and approximatemanner, by field estimates of debris flow volumes delivered by the considered mountain slopes in response tomonitored storm events. Although more accurate and comprehensive validation is needed, the developed formulationappears to constitute a useful diagnostic tool for providing interpretation of storm-flow hydrographsdelivered by steep mountain slopes in response to storm precipitations affected by wind.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||Effect of wind on precipitation intercepted by steep mountain slopes|
|Autori:||S. Orlandini; A. Lamberti|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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