A simple and efficient procedure for incorporating the effects of streamchannel geometry in the distributed modeling of catchment dynamics is developed. At-astationand downstream fluvial relationships are combined and the obtained laws ofvariability in space and time for water-surface width and wetted perimeter areincorporated into a diffusion wave routing model based on the Muskingum-Cunge methodwith variable parameters. The parameterization obtained is applied to the approximately840-km2 Sieve catchment (Central Italian Apennines) to test the possibility of estimatingchannel geometry parameters from cross-section surveys and to assess the impact ofdynamic variations in the channel geometry on catchment dynamics. The use of theestimated channel geometry in surface runoff routing produces a significant improvementin the flood hydrograph description at the catchment outlet with respect to less detailednetwork parameterizations. In addition, the results obtained from a “downstream” analysisof the velocity field indicate that the stream characteristics related to the locally varyingcross-section shape may have a strong control on flow velocities, and thus they should bemonitored and synthesized for a comprehensive description of the distributed catchmentdynamics.

Parameterization of stream channel geometry in the distributed modeling of catchment dynamics / Orlandini, Stefano; R., Rosso. - In: WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH. - ISSN 0043-1397. - STAMPA. - 34:(1998), pp. 1971-1985.

Parameterization of stream channel geometry in the distributed modeling of catchment dynamics

ORLANDINI, Stefano;
1998

Abstract

A simple and efficient procedure for incorporating the effects of streamchannel geometry in the distributed modeling of catchment dynamics is developed. At-astationand downstream fluvial relationships are combined and the obtained laws ofvariability in space and time for water-surface width and wetted perimeter areincorporated into a diffusion wave routing model based on the Muskingum-Cunge methodwith variable parameters. The parameterization obtained is applied to the approximately840-km2 Sieve catchment (Central Italian Apennines) to test the possibility of estimatingchannel geometry parameters from cross-section surveys and to assess the impact ofdynamic variations in the channel geometry on catchment dynamics. The use of theestimated channel geometry in surface runoff routing produces a significant improvementin the flood hydrograph description at the catchment outlet with respect to less detailednetwork parameterizations. In addition, the results obtained from a “downstream” analysisof the velocity field indicate that the stream characteristics related to the locally varyingcross-section shape may have a strong control on flow velocities, and thus they should bemonitored and synthesized for a comprehensive description of the distributed catchmentdynamics.
34
1971
1985
Parameterization of stream channel geometry in the distributed modeling of catchment dynamics / Orlandini, Stefano; R., Rosso. - In: WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH. - ISSN 0043-1397. - STAMPA. - 34:(1998), pp. 1971-1985.
Orlandini, Stefano; R., Rosso
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/457740
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