The problem of a stationary semiinfinite crack in an elastic solid with microstructures subject to remote classical KIII field is investigated in the present work. The material behavior is described by the indeterminate theory of couple stress elasticity developed by Koiter. This constitutive model includes the characteristic lengths in bending and torsion and thus it is able to account for the underlying microstructure of the material as well as for the strong size effects arising at small scales. The stress and displacement fields turn out to be strongly influenced by the ratio between the characteristic lengths.Moreover, the symmetric stress field turns out to be finite at the crack tip, whereas the skewsymmetric stress field displays a strong singularity. Ahead of the crack tip within a zone smaller than the characteristic length in torsion, the total shear stress and reduced tractions occur with the opposite sign with respect to the classical LEFM solution, due to the relative rotation of the microstructural particles currently at the crack tip. The asymptotic fields dominate within this zone, which however has limited physical relevance and becomes vanishing small for a characteristic length in torsion of zero. In this limiting case the fullfield solution recovers the classical KIII field with squareroot stress singularity. Outside the zone where the total shear stress is negative, the fullfield solution exhibits a bounded maximum for the total shear stress ahead of the crack tip, whose magnitude can be adopted as a measure of the critical stress level for crack advancing. The corresponding fracture criterion defines a critical stress intensity factor, which increases with the characteristic length in torsion.Moreover, the occurrence of a sharp crack profile denotes that the crack becomes stiffer with respect to the classical elasticresponse, thus revealing that the presence of microstructures may shield the crack tip from fracture.
On the effects of characteristic lengths in bending and torsion on Mode III crack in couple stress elasticity / Radi, Enrico.  In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOLIDS AND STRUCTURES.  ISSN 00207683.  ELETTRONICO.  45:(2008), pp. 30333058. [10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2008.01.010]
On the effects of characteristic lengths in bending and torsion on Mode III crack in couple stress elasticity
RADI, Enrico
2008
Abstract
The problem of a stationary semiinfinite crack in an elastic solid with microstructures subject to remote classical KIII field is investigated in the present work. The material behavior is described by the indeterminate theory of couple stress elasticity developed by Koiter. This constitutive model includes the characteristic lengths in bending and torsion and thus it is able to account for the underlying microstructure of the material as well as for the strong size effects arising at small scales. The stress and displacement fields turn out to be strongly influenced by the ratio between the characteristic lengths.Moreover, the symmetric stress field turns out to be finite at the crack tip, whereas the skewsymmetric stress field displays a strong singularity. Ahead of the crack tip within a zone smaller than the characteristic length in torsion, the total shear stress and reduced tractions occur with the opposite sign with respect to the classical LEFM solution, due to the relative rotation of the microstructural particles currently at the crack tip. The asymptotic fields dominate within this zone, which however has limited physical relevance and becomes vanishing small for a characteristic length in torsion of zero. In this limiting case the fullfield solution recovers the classical KIII field with squareroot stress singularity. Outside the zone where the total shear stress is negative, the fullfield solution exhibits a bounded maximum for the total shear stress ahead of the crack tip, whose magnitude can be adopted as a measure of the critical stress level for crack advancing. The corresponding fracture criterion defines a critical stress intensity factor, which increases with the characteristic length in torsion.Moreover, the occurrence of a sharp crack profile denotes that the crack becomes stiffer with respect to the classical elasticresponse, thus revealing that the presence of microstructures may shield the crack tip from fracture.File  Dimensione  Formato  

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