Low levels of factor X (F.X) were detected in a 4-year-old boy who experienced acute lymphoblastic leukemia and bleeding manifestations. Laboratory data suggested the presence of a dysfunctional F.X molecule. Two novel F.X gene mutations were identified in the proband that was double heterozygous for both: a microdeletion (delC556) in exon VI resulting in a frameshift leading to a termination codon at position 226. This deletion was found in six family members with reduced F.X antigen and activity levels. A second mutation characterised by a G(1344)-->C transversion in exon VIII was detected in the proband resulting in a Lys(408)-->Asn substitution. This latter mutation was present in several asymptomatic family members from the paternal and the maternal side. The proband's sister was homozygous for the Lys(408)-->Asn substitution and exhibited low F.X activity with a normal antigen level. The naturally occurring F.X Lys(408)-->Asn (F.X(K408N)) variant was isolated from plasma of either homozygous or double heterozygous individuals. NH(2)-terminal sequencing of the heavy chain of F.X(K408N) failed to show any sequence abnormality in patients who were also carriers of the delC556, suggesting that this latter lesion accounted for the lack of F.X synthesis. Purified F.X Lys(408)-->Asn had an identical behaviour to normal F.X as judged by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting. Clotting assay using purified F.X(K408N) and F.X-deficient plasma resulted in a laboratory phenotype similar to that observed in a homozygous subject for F.X Lys(408)-->Asn substitution. This is the first characterisation of a naturally occurring F.X variant with a mutation at the COOH-terminal end of the molecule.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Titolo:||A DYSFUNCTIONAL FACTOR X (FACTOR X SAN GIOVANNI ROTONDO) PRESENT AT HOMOZYGOUS AND DOUBLE HETEROZYGOUS LEVEL: IDENTIFICATION OF A NOVEL MICRODELETION (delC556) AND MISSENSE MUTATION (Lys(408)---Asn) IN THE FACTOR X GENE. A STUDY OF AN ITALIAN FAMILY.|
|Autori:||SIMIONI P.; VIANELLO F.; KALAFATIS M.; BARZON L.; LADOGANA S.; P. PAOLUCCI; CAROTENUTO M.; DAL BELLO F.; PALU' G.; GIROLAMI A.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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