In this study we investigated the relationship between the presence of bound protamine on mouse and human sperm DNA and the level of chromomycin A(3) (CMA(3)) and 4'6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) fluorescence. This was accomplished by performing a competition assay between salmon protamine and fluorochromes on decondensed spermatozoa that had their nuclear proteins extracted and were fixed on slides. Various concentrations (0, 0.005, 0.0225, 0.05, 0.225, 0.5 and 5 mg/ml) of salmon protamine were added to either the CMA, or DAPI staining solutions. Fluorescence emission measurements of stained sperm nuclei were then performed using a microfluorometer. When the treated decondensed sperm heads were stained with either CMA(3) or DAPI all spermatozoa were found to fluoresce intensely. The addition of protamines to the spermatozoa led to an elimination of CMA(3) fluorescence, while the intensity of DAPI staining was decreased to similar to 50% at the highest concentrations of protamine. The addition of increasing amounts of salmon protamine also induced the sperm nuclei to regain their initial condensed appearance. This study shows that protamine retains a strong affinity for sperm DNA in situ and that CMA(3) fluorescence is a strong indicator of the protamination state of spermatozoa.
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Titolo:||In-situ competition between protamine and fluorochromes for sperm DNA|
|Autore/i:||Bizzaro, D.; Manicardi, Gian Carlo; Bianchi, P. G.; Bianchi, U.; Sakkas, D.|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000072593700004|
|Citazione:||In-situ competition between protamine and fluorochromes for sperm DNA / Bizzaro, D.; Manicardi, Gian Carlo; Bianchi, P. G.; Bianchi, U.; Sakkas, D.. - In: MOLECULAR HUMAN REPRODUCTION. - ISSN 1360-9947. - STAMPA. - 2(1998), pp. 139-144.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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