The connections of the lateral terminal nucleus (LTN) of the accessory optic system (AOS) of the marmoset monkey were studied with anterograde 3H-amino acid light autoradiography and horseradish peroxidase retrograde labeling techniques. Results show a first and largest LTN projection to the pretectal and AOS nuclei including the ipsilateral nucleus of the optic tract, dorsal terminal nucleus, and interstitial nucleus of the superior fasciculus (posterior fibers); smaller contralateral projections are to the olivary pretectal nucleus, dorsal terminal nucleus, and LTN. A second, major bundle produces moderate-to-heavy labeling in all ipsilateral, accessory oculomotor nuclei (nucleus of posterior commissure, interstitial nucleus of Cajal, nucleus of Darkschewitsch) and nucleus of Bechterew; some of the fibers are distributed above the caudal oculomotor complex within the supraoculomotor periaqueductal gray. A third projection is ipsilateral to the pontine and mesencephalic reticular formations, nucleus reticularis tegmenti pontis and basilar pontine complex (dorsolateral nucleus only), dorsal parts of the medial terminal accessory optic nucleus, ventral tegmental area of Tsai, and rostral interstitial nucleus of the medial longitudinal fasciculus. Lastly, there are two long descending bundles: (1) one travels within the medial longitudinal fasciculus to terminate in the dorsal cap (ipsilateral >> contralateral) and medial accessory olive (ipsilateral only) of the inferior olivary complex. (2) The second soon splits, sending axons within the ipsilateral and contralateral brachium conjunctivum and is distributed to the superior and medial vestibular nuclei. The present findings are in general agreement with the documented connections of LTN with brainstem oculomotor centers in other species. In addition, there are unique connections in marmoset monkey that may have developed to serve the more complex oculomotor behavior of nonhuman primates.
Projections of the lateral terminal accessory optic nucleus of the common marmoset (Callitrix Jacchus) / BLANKS R., H; CLARKE R., J; Lui, Fausta; GIOLLI R., A; PHAM S., V; Torigoe, Y.. - In: JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0021-9967. - STAMPA. - 354:(1995), pp. 511-532.