To further clarify the relationship between physical-chemical characteristics of bile acids and biliary lipid secretion, we investigated the effect of ursocholic acid, the 7 beta-hydroxyepimer of cholic acid, on bile lipid secretion and composition. The study included acute duodenal infusion (1 g/h for 5 h) of ursocholic acid contrasted with a less hydrophilic bile acid, ursodeoxycholic acid, in 3 T-tube patients and short-term oral administration (2 wk) of ursocholic acid (10-15 mg/kg X day) to 10 gallstone patients. Following acute infusion, ursocholic acid, similarly to ursodeoxycholic acid, accounted for greater than 80% of the biliary bile acids. However, ursocholic acid induced (per micromole of secreted bile acid) a significantly lower (p less than 0.01) secretion of cholesterol (0.013 mumol) and phospholipids (0.054 mumol) than that induced by ursodeoxycholic acid (0.034 mumol of cholesterol and 0.138 mumol of phospholipids). Biliary alkaline phosphatase activity during ursocholic acid administration was significantly lower (p less than 0.01) than during ursodeoxycholic acid administration. After short-term oral administration, ursocholic acid, undetectable before treatment, constituted 20.50% +/- 8.60% of the biliary bile acids. The percentage of deoxycholic acid increased from 32.35% +/- 18.79% to 47.53% +/- 16.19% (p less than 0.05). Mean saturation index decreased from a pretreatment value of 1.23 +/- 0.22 to 0.99 +/- 0.17 (p less than 0.05), but only in 4 of 10 subjects did bile become undersaturated. It is concluded that ursocholic acid, due to its higher hydrophilicity, stimulates a lower cholesterol and phospholipid output than ursodeoxycholic acid. Consequently, despite the low enrichment of the biliary bile acids with ursocholic acid, oral administration of ursocholic acid induces a reduction of bile cholesterol saturation.

Effect of ursocholic acid on bile lipid secretion and composition / Loria, Paola; Carulli, Nicola; Medici, G; Menozzi, D; Salvioli, G; Bertolotti, Marco; Montanari, M.. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0016-5085. - STAMPA. - 90:(1986), pp. 865-874.

Effect of ursocholic acid on bile lipid secretion and composition

LORIA, Paola;CARULLI, Nicola;BERTOLOTTI, Marco;
1986

Abstract

To further clarify the relationship between physical-chemical characteristics of bile acids and biliary lipid secretion, we investigated the effect of ursocholic acid, the 7 beta-hydroxyepimer of cholic acid, on bile lipid secretion and composition. The study included acute duodenal infusion (1 g/h for 5 h) of ursocholic acid contrasted with a less hydrophilic bile acid, ursodeoxycholic acid, in 3 T-tube patients and short-term oral administration (2 wk) of ursocholic acid (10-15 mg/kg X day) to 10 gallstone patients. Following acute infusion, ursocholic acid, similarly to ursodeoxycholic acid, accounted for greater than 80% of the biliary bile acids. However, ursocholic acid induced (per micromole of secreted bile acid) a significantly lower (p less than 0.01) secretion of cholesterol (0.013 mumol) and phospholipids (0.054 mumol) than that induced by ursodeoxycholic acid (0.034 mumol of cholesterol and 0.138 mumol of phospholipids). Biliary alkaline phosphatase activity during ursocholic acid administration was significantly lower (p less than 0.01) than during ursodeoxycholic acid administration. After short-term oral administration, ursocholic acid, undetectable before treatment, constituted 20.50% +/- 8.60% of the biliary bile acids. The percentage of deoxycholic acid increased from 32.35% +/- 18.79% to 47.53% +/- 16.19% (p less than 0.05). Mean saturation index decreased from a pretreatment value of 1.23 +/- 0.22 to 0.99 +/- 0.17 (p less than 0.05), but only in 4 of 10 subjects did bile become undersaturated. It is concluded that ursocholic acid, due to its higher hydrophilicity, stimulates a lower cholesterol and phospholipid output than ursodeoxycholic acid. Consequently, despite the low enrichment of the biliary bile acids with ursocholic acid, oral administration of ursocholic acid induces a reduction of bile cholesterol saturation.
90
865
874
Effect of ursocholic acid on bile lipid secretion and composition / Loria, Paola; Carulli, Nicola; Medici, G; Menozzi, D; Salvioli, G; Bertolotti, Marco; Montanari, M.. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0016-5085. - STAMPA. - 90:(1986), pp. 865-874.
Loria, Paola; Carulli, Nicola; Medici, G; Menozzi, D; Salvioli, G; Bertolotti, Marco; Montanari, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/454299
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