Granulomatous reactions caused by foreign bodies have been described in drug abusers, in subjects exposed to occupational pollutants, and more rarely, in association with the use of prosthetic devices. We describe a 62-year-old patient with multiorgan parenchymal granulomatosis caused by inorganic debris of unknown origin. The patient presented with fever, hepatosplenomegaly, progressive cholestasis, and acute renal failure. Liver and kidney biopsies showed the presence of noncaseating epithelioid giant-cell granulomas containing scattered polarizable particles. Similar particles were also present in stools. Studies by innovative scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive microanalytical techniques showed that the particles isolated in liver, kidney, and stools were made by feldspars, the main component of porcelain. No occupational or environmental exposure to these materials could be identified in this patient and the only reliable source of the porcelain debris turned out to be constituted by 2 dental bridges evidently worn because of a possible inappropriate construction, malocclusion, and bruxism. The porcelain of the dental prostheses had the same elemental spectrum of the particles isolated from stool specimens and liver-kidney granuloma. After identification of the dental prostheses as the most likely source of ceramic debris, and after their removal, the particles from stool specimens disappeared. The patient was then treated with steroids leading to a remission of the clinical symptoms and a decrease in granulomatous inflammatory reaction in both liver and kidney. This is the first report suggesting that a foreign body systemic granulomatosis can be associated with worn dental prostheses.
Liver and kidney foreign bodies granulomatosis in a patient with malocclusion, bruxism, and worn dental prostheses / Ballestri, M; Baraldi, A; Gatti, Am; Furci, L; Bagni, Alessandra; Loria, Paola; Rapana, Rm; Carulli, Nicola; Albertazzi, Alberto. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0016-5085. - STAMPA. - 121:5(2001), pp. 1234-1238. [10.1053/gast.2001.29333]