ACTH-(1-24) dose-dependently improved cardiovascular function in rats and dogs subjected to experimental hemorrhagic shock, and intravenous dose of 160 and 100/microgram/kg, respectively, completely restoring arterial blood pressure and pulse amplitude. All saline-treated animals died within 30 min of bleeding, while all ACTH-treated animals were still alive at the end of the observation period (2 hr). The injection of ACTH-(1-24) also dramatically improved the respiratory function. Morphine, i.v. injected into rats at the dose of 2.5 mg/kg, antagonised the effect of ACTH-(1-24) to a greater or lesser degree, depending on the dose of peptide employed: at 160/microgram/kg, antagonism was complete, at 320/microgram/kg antagonism was only partial, while at 480/microgram/kg antagonism was almost completely overcome. These data further support the idea that melanocortins are physiological antagonists of opioids, and suggest that melanocortin peptides may prove to be rational and effective drugs in the treatment of hypovolemic shock.
Adrenocorticotropin reversal of experimental hemorrhagic shock is antagonized by morphine / Bertolini, Alfio; Guarini, Salvatore; Ferrari, William; Rompianesi, E.. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - STAMPA. - 39:(1986), pp. 1271-1280.