BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte transplantation is an attractive treatment for various liver diseases. The intraportal route of transplantation is favored, but little information is available on the possible adverse effects in this technique. We investigated the influence of intraportal loads of hepatocytes on portal, pulmonary, and systemic hemodynamics in 13 pigs. METHODS: Under general anesthesia, pigs were provided with an arterial line, a Swan-Ganz catheter, and two intraportal catheters, one for cell infusion and one for heparin infusion and portal pressure measurement. Pig hepatocytes were infused at a rate of 25 million cells/min. RESULTS: The first six animals were used to develop the infusion technique. In the last seven animals, portal pressure increased linearly with cell load upon infusion of 400-2400 x 10(6) hepatocytes (r(2)=0.704;P<0.05). Portal flow measured by Doppler sonography decreased by 23-66% below basal values. An inverse linear relationship was found between portal pressure and portal flow (r(2)=0.679; P<0.05), portal flow approaching zero for portal pressure >40 mmHg. Pulmonary arterial pressure increased by 11-62%. AST increased up to 10-fold, and platelets decreased by 22-58%. Hepatocytes-containing thrombi were present in segmental and in smaller portal branches. Hepatocytes were always identified in lung sinusoids 48 hr after infusion, and a small basal pulmonary infarction was found in one animal. CONCLUSION: . These data suggest that up to 2.4% of total hepatocyte mass can be infused in this large animal model. However, the risk of significant thrombotic complications should be considered for clinical applications.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Titolo:||INTRAPORTAL HEPATOCYTE TRANSPLANTATION IN THE PIG: A HEMODYNAMIC AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY|
|Autore/i:||Muraca, M; Neri, D; Parenti, A; Feltracco, P; Granato, A; Vilei, Mt; Ferraresso, C; Ballarin, R; Zanusso, Ge; Giron, G; Gerunda, Giorgio Enrico|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000174870600010|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0037181435|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||11930976|
|Citazione:||INTRAPORTAL HEPATOCYTE TRANSPLANTATION IN THE PIG: A HEMODYNAMIC AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY / Muraca, M; Neri, D; Parenti, A; Feltracco, P; Granato, A; Vilei, Mt; Ferraresso, C; Ballarin, R; Zanusso, Ge; Giron, G; Gerunda, Giorgio Enrico. - In: TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 0041-1337. - STAMPA. - 73(2002), pp. 890-896.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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