BACKGROUND: Primary hyperoxaluria leads to oxalosis, a systemic illness with fatal prognosis in uremic youngsters because of systemic complications. CASE REPORT: A 14-year old boy with primary type 1 hyperoxaluria who had a long-lasting history of nephrolithiasis and passed from normal renal function to end-stage renal disease within 7 months. MEASUREMENT of alanine: glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT) catalytic activity in the liver biopsy disclosed very low activity which was not. responsive to pyridoxin., thus the patient entered onto a priority national waiting list for liver-kidney transplantation and a week later received a combined transplant. In order to increase body clearance of oxalate, the patient underwent medical treatment to increase urine oxalate solubility (sodium and potassium citrate oral therapy, magnesium supplementation and increase of diuresis) and intensive dialysis both before and after transplantation. COMMENT: The medical approach to the treatment of this rare illness is discussed. Since the major risk for the grafted kidney is related to the oxalate burden, i.e. oxalate deposition from the body deposits to the kidney that becomes irreversibly damaged, treatment consists of increasing the body clearance of oxalate both by increasing oxalate solubility in the urine and with intensive dialysis performed both before and after combined transplantation. To the same extent (by limiting body oxalate deposits), a relatively early (native GFR 20-25 ml/minute) transplantation is advisable.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Titolo:||LIVER KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION IN TYPE 1 PRIMARY OXALURIA:DESCRIPTIONAND COMMENTS ON A CASE.|
|Autori:||GAMBARO G; LIDESTRI V; G. GERUNDA; ZAVAN MC; IEMMOLO RM; RIGOTTI P; NASO A; ANTONELLO A; D\'ANGELO A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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