The physical and chemical properties of aerosol particles were investigated at Plan d'Aups, one of the ESCOMPTE sites located in the St. Baume mountain area (700 m a.s.l.), 50 km east of Marseilles (France). The site is ideally located for assessing the vertical and horizontal extent of the pollution plume from the Marseilles–Berre area.Our study showed that polluted air masses from the Marseilles–Berre area are advected to Plan d'Aups in the early afternoon. Average daily concentration of particles reaches up to 40 μg m−3 while 1-h average particle number concentration is greater than 30,000 cm−3. Most of the particle mass is composed of SO42− and organic carbon (OC). The chemical properties of the particles revealed that an additional source, possibly from the industrial area of Gardanne, contributes to the aerosol mass. This last source is characterised by significant emissions of elements, such as Zn, V, Al and Si.In addition to transport, we found that gas-to-particle conversion takes place at the interface between the free troposphere and the boundary layer. We estimated that on average, 30% of the particle number is accounted for by direct nucleation. This is potentially a major aerosol source to the free troposphere.

PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF FINE AEROSOLS AT PLAN D’AUPS DURING ESCOMPTE / A., Marinoni; P., Laj; P. A., Deveau; F., Marino; Ghermandi, Grazia; F., Aulagnier; H., Cachier. - In: ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0169-8095. - STAMPA. - 74:(2005), pp. 565-580.

PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF FINE AEROSOLS AT PLAN D’AUPS DURING ESCOMPTE

GHERMANDI, Grazia;
2005-01-01

Abstract

The physical and chemical properties of aerosol particles were investigated at Plan d'Aups, one of the ESCOMPTE sites located in the St. Baume mountain area (700 m a.s.l.), 50 km east of Marseilles (France). The site is ideally located for assessing the vertical and horizontal extent of the pollution plume from the Marseilles–Berre area.Our study showed that polluted air masses from the Marseilles–Berre area are advected to Plan d'Aups in the early afternoon. Average daily concentration of particles reaches up to 40 μg m−3 while 1-h average particle number concentration is greater than 30,000 cm−3. Most of the particle mass is composed of SO42− and organic carbon (OC). The chemical properties of the particles revealed that an additional source, possibly from the industrial area of Gardanne, contributes to the aerosol mass. This last source is characterised by significant emissions of elements, such as Zn, V, Al and Si.In addition to transport, we found that gas-to-particle conversion takes place at the interface between the free troposphere and the boundary layer. We estimated that on average, 30% of the particle number is accounted for by direct nucleation. This is potentially a major aerosol source to the free troposphere.
74
565
580
PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF FINE AEROSOLS AT PLAN D’AUPS DURING ESCOMPTE / A., Marinoni; P., Laj; P. A., Deveau; F., Marino; Ghermandi, Grazia; F., Aulagnier; H., Cachier. - In: ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0169-8095. - STAMPA. - 74:(2005), pp. 565-580.
A., Marinoni; P., Laj; P. A., Deveau; F., Marino; Ghermandi, Grazia; F., Aulagnier; H., Cachier
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/452901
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