Can the decline of a small and isolated population occur as a consequence of a random imbalance in the sex ratio at birth and/or in the male/female mortality rates in subsequent age groups? We should stress here the use of the term “random”. Indeed, the imbalance we refer to is what occurs in a small population as the ultimate result of pure chance. This hypothesis (of the imbalance of the sex ratio) was studied in particular by the Italian statistician Corrado Gini (1957), although it had previously been put forward by other authors (Livi 1941, 1944). More specifically, Gini explained the extinction of the medieval settlements in Greenland using this hypothesis.The recent publication of Lynnerup’s book (1998) concerning the demography of these settlements, based on the archaeological evidence of skeletal remains, prompted us to re-evaluate Gini’s treatise. We wanted to give a statistical contribution – using a Bayesian inference – to evaluate Gini’s hypothesis of that extinction. The extinction of the settlements in Greenland is widely regarded as “almost an enigma hinting at some inexplicable and dramatic event veiled by the passage of time” (Lynnerup1998, p. 8).The aim of this paper is therefore to check Gini’s hypothesis from a Bayesian point of view. In this scheme, the prior distribution is the probability of an imbalance in the sex ratio occurring in the history of a small and closed population as a result of random and unfavourable alterations of the sex-ratio at birth and at death. In order to evaluate such a probability, a Monte Carlo technique that uses historical, demographic and biometric constants (Livi Bacci 1998) will be outlined. The posterior probability is then updated in the light of some archaeological data.

The effect of unbalanced demographic structure on marriage and feritlity patterns in isolated populations: the case of Viking settlements in Greenland / M., DI BACCO; L., DEL PANTA; Frederic, Patrizio; G., Damore; N., Lynnerup. - In: GENUS. - ISSN 0016-6987. - STAMPA. - LXII (n.1):(2006), pp. 97-119.

The effect of unbalanced demographic structure on marriage and feritlity patterns in isolated populations: the case of Viking settlements in Greenland.

FREDERIC, Patrizio;
2006

Abstract

Can the decline of a small and isolated population occur as a consequence of a random imbalance in the sex ratio at birth and/or in the male/female mortality rates in subsequent age groups? We should stress here the use of the term “random”. Indeed, the imbalance we refer to is what occurs in a small population as the ultimate result of pure chance. This hypothesis (of the imbalance of the sex ratio) was studied in particular by the Italian statistician Corrado Gini (1957), although it had previously been put forward by other authors (Livi 1941, 1944). More specifically, Gini explained the extinction of the medieval settlements in Greenland using this hypothesis.The recent publication of Lynnerup’s book (1998) concerning the demography of these settlements, based on the archaeological evidence of skeletal remains, prompted us to re-evaluate Gini’s treatise. We wanted to give a statistical contribution – using a Bayesian inference – to evaluate Gini’s hypothesis of that extinction. The extinction of the settlements in Greenland is widely regarded as “almost an enigma hinting at some inexplicable and dramatic event veiled by the passage of time” (Lynnerup1998, p. 8).The aim of this paper is therefore to check Gini’s hypothesis from a Bayesian point of view. In this scheme, the prior distribution is the probability of an imbalance in the sex ratio occurring in the history of a small and closed population as a result of random and unfavourable alterations of the sex-ratio at birth and at death. In order to evaluate such a probability, a Monte Carlo technique that uses historical, demographic and biometric constants (Livi Bacci 1998) will be outlined. The posterior probability is then updated in the light of some archaeological data.
LXII (n.1)
97
119
The effect of unbalanced demographic structure on marriage and feritlity patterns in isolated populations: the case of Viking settlements in Greenland / M., DI BACCO; L., DEL PANTA; Frederic, Patrizio; G., Damore; N., Lynnerup. - In: GENUS. - ISSN 0016-6987. - STAMPA. - LXII (n.1):(2006), pp. 97-119.
M., DI BACCO; L., DEL PANTA; Frederic, Patrizio; G., Damore; N., Lynnerup
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2006 genus.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Post-print dell'autore (bozza post referaggio)
Dimensione 527.7 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
527.7 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/451901
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact