BACKGROUND: In vitro cultures of BM cells from newly diagnosed patients with AML displayed a defective BM stromal compartment, with a reduced number of fibroblast-colony-forming unit (CFU-F: 1 +/- 1.25 SD) and a decreased proliferative ability. The purposes of our study were: 1). to select BM mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and BM-derived stromal cells (BMDSCs) from AML patients at diagnosis and from healthy subjects, using an immunomagnetic system and either anti-CD105 or anti-fibroblast MAbs; 2). to study the immunophenotypic and functional properties of freshly isolated and cultured mesenchymal cells; 3). to test the in vitro plasticity of the selected cells to differentiate towards an endothelial phenotype.METHODS: Fresh mononuclear cells obtained from BM of 20 patients newly diagnosed with AML and from eight healthy subjects were selected by using anti-fibroblast and anti-CD105 MAbs. Freshly isolated cells were analyzed, characterized by flow cytometry using a wide panel of MAbs and seeded in long-term culture medium to assess CFU-F formation. The level of confluence after 30 days and functional capacity in a long-term colony-forming cell culture (LTC-CFC) were tested. Furthermore, the cultured selected cell populations were assayed for their ability to differentiate into an endothelial-like cell phenotype with the addition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEFG) and endothelial cell growth supplement (ECGS).RESULTS: In normal subjects the selection produced an increase of the CFU-F number of 2.6-fold with anti-fibroblast MAb and 2.7-fold with the anti-CD105 MAb. Anti-fibroblast and anti-CD105 MAb selection from AML BM cells resulted in a statistically significant greater count of CFU-F that was respectively 10.6-fold (P = 0.04) and 14.4-fold (P = 0.00001) higher in comparison with the unselected AML samples. Interestingly, in 80% of AML samples immunoselection was also able to restore the capacity of the CFU-F to proliferate and form confluent stromal layers. The isolation of those layers sustained the proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells in the LTC-CFC. The phenotypic profile of cultured BMDSCs was different from that of the freshly isolated cells, and changed in relation to the culture conditions: CD105+ selected cells cultured with VEGF and ECGS expressed endothelial markers, a finding that suggests that this cell subpopulation may have the potential to differentiate toward an endothelial-like phenotype.DISCUSSION: We report that immunomagnetic selection represents a valid tool for the selection of BM mesenchymal cells in samples obtained from both healthy subjects and patients with AML. This technique was able to rescue two functional and immunophenotypic compartments related to two different selected populations. In particular, the CD105+ cells isolated in AML displayed, after stimulation with VEGF and ECGS, the ability to change towards an endothelial-like cell phenotype, thus revealing an unexpected plasticity. Both CD105+ and fibroblast+ cells once successfully isolated might represent sources of mesenchymal cells populations useful for in vitro investigations and, above all, as therapeutic devices.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Titolo:||Functional and immunophenotypic characteristics of isolated CD105(+) and fibroblast(+) stromal cells from AML: implications for their plasticity along endothelial lineage|
|Autori:||D. CAMPIONI; F. LANZA; S. MORETTI; M. DOMINICI; M. PUNTURIERI; S. PAULI; T.J. HOFMANN; E.M. HORWITZ; G. CASTOLDI|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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