The nuclear proto-oncogene c-myb is preferentially expressed in lymphohematopoietic cells, in which it plays an important role in the processes of differentiation and proliferation. The mechanism(s) that regulates c-myb expression is not fully understood, although in mouse cells a regulatory mechanism involves a transcriptional block in the first intron. To analyze the contribution of the 5' flanking sequences in regulating the expression of the human c-myb gene, we isolated a genomic clone containing extensive 5' flanking sequences, the first exon, and a large portion of the first intron. Sequence analysis of a subcloned 1.3-kb BamHI insert corresponding to 687 nucleotides of the 5' flanking sequence, the entire first exon, and 300 nucleotides of the first intron revealed the presence of closely spaced putative Myb binding sites within a segment extending from nucleotides -616 to -575 upstream from the cap site. A 165-bp segment containing these putative Myb binding sites was linked to a human thymidine kinase (TK) cDNA driven by a low-activity proliferating cell nuclear antigen promoter and cotransfected into TK- ts13 cells with a plasmid in which a full-length human c-myb cDNA is driven by the early simian virus 40 promoter; Myb inducibility of TK mRNA expression was observed both in transient expression assays and in stable transformants. The highest level of inducibility was detected when the 165-bp fragment was placed 138 bp upstream of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen promoter-TK cDNA reporter unit or 3' of the TK cDNA. Mutation of the putative Myb binding sites greatly reduced c-myb transactivation of TK mRNA expression and specifically reduced the binding of in vitro-translated Myb protein at those sites. Finally, c-myb transactivated TK mRNA expression driven by a segment of the authentic c-myb 5' flanking region containing the Myb binding sites. These data suggest that human c-myb maintains high levels of Myb protein in cells that require this gene product for proliferation and/or differentiation by an autoregulatory mechanism involving Myb binding sites in the 5' flanking region.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1991|
|Titolo:||Positive autoregulation of c-myb expression via myb binding sites in the 5' flanking region of the human c-myb gene|
|Autori:||NICOLAIDES N.C.; GUALDI R.; CASADEVALL C.; MANZELLA B.; CALABRETTA B.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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