In this study, we discuss some relevant aspects concerning the determination of selenium in biological materials with special reference to fluorometry and hydride generation atomic absorption spectroscopy (HG-AAS) techniques. The two methods may be applied without modifications to the analysis of Se in a wide spectrum of specimen types, and we describe their reliability in serum and hair analyses. Thirty-six independent control serum samples, the concentrations of which were unknown to the analyst, were analyzed in duplicate using both techniques in the Italian External Quality Assessment Scheme (EQAS). Accuracy was assessed by comparing Se values with those previously assigned by the organizers of the scheme using graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GF-AAS), which is the most frequently used technique for selenium determination in serum among the participants in the Italian EQAS. The results confirmed that fluorometry has a higher degree of accuracy than HG-AAS: the mean differences between observed and expected values were 1.5 mu g/liter (95% confidence interval, -1.06 to 3.97) for fluorometry and -1.1 mu g/liter (95% confidence interval, -5.05 to 2.76) for Hg-AAS. We also report some results obtained for the determination of Se in hair. Since a critical step in hair preparation is the pretreatment for removal of external contamination, we compared six different washing procedures. In general, Se is pearly leached from hair, but the efficiency of removal differed with the substance used, ranging from 0 to 13% of the original content. A nonionic detergent like Triton X-100 offers the advantage of safe working conditions and a substantial reduction in costs compared with organic solvents. Lastly, in a consistent group (n = 131) of women, Se in hair was found to be strongly reduced by the use of dye (389.9 ng/g vs 498.7 ng/g, P < 0.001). We recommend recording information on cosmetic treatments when hair is collected to evaluate Se reference values in epidemiological studies.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Titolo:||Selenium determination in biological matrices|
|Autori:||P. BORELLA; A. BARGELLINI; E. CASELGRANDI; A. MENDITTO; M. PATRIARCA; A. TAYLOR; G. VIVOLI|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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