Lentiviral vectors are efficiently pseudotyped with RD114-TR, a chimeric envelope glycoprotein made of the extracellular and transmembrane domains of the feline leukemia virus RD114 and the cytoplasmic tail of the murine leukemia virus amphotropic envelope. RD114-TR-pseudotyped vectors may be concentrated by centrifugation, are resistant to complement inactivation, and are suitable for both ex vivo and in vivo gene therapy applications. We analyzed RD114-TR-pseudotyped, HIV-1-derived lentiviral vectors for their ability to transduce human cord blood, bone marrow, and peripheral blood mobilized CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. Transduction efficiency was analyzed in CD34+ cells in liquid culture, in CD34+ clonogenic progenitors in semisolid culture, and in CD34+ repopulating stem cells after xenotransplantation in NOD-SCID mice. Compared with a standard VSV-G-based packaging system, RD114-TR-pseudotyped particles transduced hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells at lower multiplicity of infection, with lower toxicity and less pseudo-transduction at comparable vector copy number per genome. Potential changes in the CD34+ cell transcription profile and phenotype on transduction with RD114-TR-pseudotyped vectors was comparatively investigated by microarray analysis. Our study shows that the biology of repopulating hematopoietic stem cells and their progeny is not affected by transduction with RD114-TR-pseudotyped lentiviral vectors. RD114-TR is compatible with the development of lentiviral stable packaging cell lines, and may become the envelope of choice for clinical studies aiming at safe and efficient genetic modification of human hematopoietic stem cells.
Transduction of human hematopoietic stem cells by lentiviral vectors pseudotyped with the RD114-TR chimeric envelope glycoprotein / DI NUNZIO, Francesca; Piovani, B; COSSET F., L; Mavilio, Fulvio; Stornaiuolo, A.. - In: HUMAN GENE THERAPY. - ISSN 1043-0342. - STAMPA. - 18:(2007), pp. 811-820.