Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an aggressive epithelial malignancy in which the early diagnosis of premalignant lesions is known to directly correlate with increased survival. However, only a portion of biopsies showing dysplasia will progress to cancer, and there are no currently accepted criteria for predicting which lesions will progress. Therefore, diagnostic protocols that can identify the lesions that are likely to become HNSCC are required. RNA was isolated from normal keratinocytes, the immortalized but nontumorigenic HaCat cell line, and the tumor cell lines SCC-4, SCC-9, SCC-25, and OSCC-3. The RNA was then labeled and used to probe nylon microarray filters that contained a total of 9184 genes (5295 named and 3889 Expression Sequence Tags). Genes whose expression demonstrated a 3-fold or greater change were considered significant. Comparison of expression profiles from normal, HaCat, and four tumor cell lines revealed changes in gene expression in a total of 508 genes. Of these, 16 genes showed a consistent loss of expression when comparing normal to immortalized keratinocytes. In addition, 10 genes demonstrated a consistent loss of expression in the tumor cell lines only. In this latter group of genes, plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 (PAI-2), a gene whose expression has been linked to cell invasion, was additionally investigated. Altered expression of PAI-2 in the different cultured cells was validated via real-time quantitative-PCR. In addition, immunohistochemical evaluation of biopsy samples revealed a high expression of PAI-2 in both normal and dysplastic epithelium with a marked decrease of expression in areas of the biopsies containing HNSCC. These data demonstrate that genomic profiling can then be used to identify potential genotypic/phenotypic biomarkers that may predict which dysplastic lesions are most likely to progress to HNSCC.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Titolo:||Plasminogen activator inhibitor-2: A molecular biomarker for head and neck cancer progression|
|Autori:||HASINA R; HULETT K; S. BICCIATO; DI BELLO C; PETRUZZELLI GJ; LINGEN MW|
|Autori interni:||BICCIATO, Silvio|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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