Using personal dosimeters worn during two complete work-shifts, we measured occupational exposure to Extremely Low Frequency-Magnetic Fields (ELF-MF) in 290 workers employed in 56 jobs, representative of the main occupational activities in the area of Modena and Reggio Emilia (Italy). Environmental nonoccupational exposure was also monitored. In the whole sample, the mean Time-Weighted Average (TWA) exposure during work resulted 0.59 microT (SD 3.2), while the median was 0.13 microT. Exposure was lower than 1 microT in more than 90% of the workers. In one job only exposure was greater than 1 microT (job-related median TWA); in other 8 exposure was between 1 and 0.4 microT, while about 84% of the jobs presented a median TWA lower than 0.4 microT. A high variability among workers engaged in the same job resulted in various occupational tasks. Non-occupational exposure was lower than 0.4 microT in more than 98% of the examined workers. Our results show a low to moderate occupational exposure to ELF-MF in the greatest part of the workers and working activities. Also the non-occupational exposure resulted low in the large majority of the subjects. The high variability observed among workers engaged in some occupations may represent a problem in exposure evaluation. Personal monitoring is particularly useful in such a situations.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Titolo:||Personal exposure to ELF magnetic fields in workers engaged in various occupations.|
|Autori:||M. SCARINGI; G. BRAVO; A.M. VANDELLI; A. ROMANELLI; G. BESUTTI; R. GHERSI; F. GOBBA|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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