Objective: To investigate immunological changes during CD4-guided therapy interruption in HIV+ patients who suspended HAART. Patients: Seventeen patients aged > 18 years, who had received HAART for at least 12 months, and had a pre-interruption CD4+ cell count > 500 cells/mu d, interrupted treatment. Median nadir CD4+ cell count was 288 cells/mu l. HIV plasma viral load at discontinuation was < 50 or > 50 copies/ml. Criteria for restarting treatment were: a CD4+ T-lymphocyte count < 350 cells/ d on two separate occasions, a clinical manifestation of AIDS, and the patient's desire to resume HAART. Eleven patients were still off therapy after 12 months (group A); according to the first criterion, six patients restarted therapy within 12 months (group B). Methods: Haernatological, viro-immunological, cytofluorimetic and molecular assays were performed at baseline and every 2 months following standard methods. Statistical analysis was performed under Stata 7.0. Results: In the first 2 months of treatment interruption, a significant increase in viral load and CD8+ lymphocyte activation occurred. Then such parameters decreased and remained stable. In all patients, a decrease in CD4+ lymphocytes took place as well, that affected in a similar manner naive, central memory, effector memory and terminally differentiated cells. Group B always presented lower amounts of CD4+ effector memory lymphocytes. The expression of CD`127 was always higher in group A. Conclusions: The loss of CD4+ lymphocytes upon viral rebound is equal among naive and memory subsets. Patients with higher expression of CD127, who are likely to exert a better capacity to utilize endogenous interleukin-7 by T cells, could remain off therapy for longer periods. (c) 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Titolo:||Immunophenotype of HIV plus patients during CD4 cell-monitored treatment interruption: role of the IL-7/IL-7 receptor system|
|Autori:||E. Nemes; E. Lugli; M. Nasi; R. Ferraresi; M. Pinti; R. Bugarini; V. Borghi; F. Prati; R. Esposito; A. Cossarizza; C. Mussini|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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