Background: Treatment for metabolic and morphologic alterations in HIV-related lipodystrophy include medical therapy, physical exercise, and surgical interventions. Method: We assessed the efficacy and safety of a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach for treating morphological and metabolic alterations of the lipodystrophy syndrome in consecutive patients attending the Metabolic Clinic (MC) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia who had at least 2 evaluations over a 48-week period. 245 patients were evaluated: 143 (62.4%) were men, 74 (36.1%) presented with lipoatrophy, 10 (4.9%) with fat accumulation, 93 (45%) with mixed forms, 24 (11.3%) had hypercholesterolemia (LDL >1 60 mg/dL), 87 (38%) had hypertriglyceridemia (TG >1 50 mg/dL), 13 (5.7%) had diabetes (glucose >1 26 mg/ dL), and 78 (44%) had insulin resistance (HOMA-IR >4). Results: At follow-up, a significant improvement was observed in both objective and subjective variables. Anthropometric improvement was observed in waist to hip ratio, waist circumference, and right and left cheek dermal thickness measurements. A nonsignificant improvement was observed in fat and lean regional mass by DEXA; CT showed improvement in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue. Glucose, HOMA-IR, total cholesterol, and APO B improved. Subjective variables improved in aesthetic satisfaction. Conclusion: We conclude that the medical and surgical interventions proposed in this multidisciplinary therapeutic approach are efficacious and safe in the management of lipodystrophy.

Multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of metabolic and morphologic alterations of HIV-related lipodystrophy / Guaraldi, Giovanni; G., Orlando; N., Squillace; DE SANTIS, Giorgio; A., Pedone; A., Spaggiari; D., De Fazio; Vandelli, Maria Angela; M., De Paola; C., Bertucelli; C., Aldrovandi; Nardini, Giulia; Beghetto, Barbara; V., Borghi; Bertolotti, Marco; Bagni, Bruno; M. G., Amorico; A., Roverato; Esposito, Roberto. - In: HIV CLINICAL TRIALS. - ISSN 1528-4336. - STAMPA. - May-Jun;7(3):(2006), pp. 97-106.

Multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of metabolic and morphologic alterations of HIV-related lipodystrophy

GUARALDI, Giovanni;DE SANTIS, Giorgio;NARDINI, Giulia;BEGHETTO, Barbara;BERTOLOTTI, Marco;BAGNI, Bruno;ESPOSITO, Roberto
2006-01-01

Abstract

Background: Treatment for metabolic and morphologic alterations in HIV-related lipodystrophy include medical therapy, physical exercise, and surgical interventions. Method: We assessed the efficacy and safety of a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach for treating morphological and metabolic alterations of the lipodystrophy syndrome in consecutive patients attending the Metabolic Clinic (MC) of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia who had at least 2 evaluations over a 48-week period. 245 patients were evaluated: 143 (62.4%) were men, 74 (36.1%) presented with lipoatrophy, 10 (4.9%) with fat accumulation, 93 (45%) with mixed forms, 24 (11.3%) had hypercholesterolemia (LDL >1 60 mg/dL), 87 (38%) had hypertriglyceridemia (TG >1 50 mg/dL), 13 (5.7%) had diabetes (glucose >1 26 mg/ dL), and 78 (44%) had insulin resistance (HOMA-IR >4). Results: At follow-up, a significant improvement was observed in both objective and subjective variables. Anthropometric improvement was observed in waist to hip ratio, waist circumference, and right and left cheek dermal thickness measurements. A nonsignificant improvement was observed in fat and lean regional mass by DEXA; CT showed improvement in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue. Glucose, HOMA-IR, total cholesterol, and APO B improved. Subjective variables improved in aesthetic satisfaction. Conclusion: We conclude that the medical and surgical interventions proposed in this multidisciplinary therapeutic approach are efficacious and safe in the management of lipodystrophy.
May-Jun;7(3)
97
106
Multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of metabolic and morphologic alterations of HIV-related lipodystrophy / Guaraldi, Giovanni; G., Orlando; N., Squillace; DE SANTIS, Giorgio; A., Pedone; A., Spaggiari; D., De Fazio; Vandelli, Maria Angela; M., De Paola; C., Bertucelli; C., Aldrovandi; Nardini, Giulia; Beghetto, Barbara; V., Borghi; Bertolotti, Marco; Bagni, Bruno; M. G., Amorico; A., Roverato; Esposito, Roberto. - In: HIV CLINICAL TRIALS. - ISSN 1528-4336. - STAMPA. - May-Jun;7(3):(2006), pp. 97-106.
Guaraldi, Giovanni; G., Orlando; N., Squillace; DE SANTIS, Giorgio; A., Pedone; A., Spaggiari; D., De Fazio; Vandelli, Maria Angela; M., De Paola; C., Bertucelli; C., Aldrovandi; Nardini, Giulia; Beghetto, Barbara; V., Borghi; Bertolotti, Marco; Bagni, Bruno; M. G., Amorico; A., Roverato; Esposito, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/310682
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