Heparin with high anticoagulant activity (activated partial thromboplastin time of 347 +/- 56.4 and anti-Xa activity of 317 +/- 48.3) was isolated from the marine clam species Tapes phylippinarum in an amount of similar to2.1 mg/g dry animals. Agarose-gel electrophoresis showed a high content of the slow-moving heparin component (22 +/- 6.8%) and 78 +/- 5.4% of the fast-moving species. An average molecular mass of 13,600 was calculated by PAGE analysis, whereas a number average molecular weight Mn value of 10,700, a weight average molecular weight Mw of 14,900, and a dispersity index Mn/Mw of 1.386 were obtained by high-performance size-exclusion chromatography. Structural analysis of clam heparin, performed by depolymerizing heparin samples with heparinase (EC 184.108.40.206) and then separating the resulting unsaturated oligosaccharides by strong anion exchange-HPLC revealed the presence of large amounts (more than 130% than standard pharmaceutical heparin obtained from bovine intestine) of the oligosaccharide sequence bearing part of the ATIII-binding region, DeltaUA2S (1-->4)-alpha-D-GlcN2S6S (1-->4)-alpha-L-IdoA (1-->4)-alpha-D-GlcNAc6S (1-->4)-beta-D-GlcA (1-->4)-alpha-D-GlcN2S3S6S in the T. phylippinarum heparin, in comparison with bovine mucosal heparin and a sample of porcine mucosal heparin previously published. Furthermore, as expected from the oligosaccharide compositional analysis, due to the presence of a great mol % (80.6%) of the trisulfated disaccharide DeltaUA2S(1-->4)-alpha-D-GlcN2S6S, mollusc heparin is a more sulfated polysaccharide than bovine mucosal heparin (73.5%) and a sample of porcine mucosal (72.8%) heparin previously reported. To our knowledge, this is the first article describing a clam heparin having the ATIII binding site mainly identical to that of human and porcine intestinal mucosal heparins and bovine intestinal mucosal heparin but different from that found in beef lung heparin.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Titolo:||Isolation and characterization of a heparin with high anticoagulant activity from the clam Tapes phylippinarum: evidence for the presence of a high content of antithrombin III binding site|
|Autore/i:||M. Cesaretti; E. Luppi; F. Maccari; N. Volpi|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000225104200005|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-9744275211|
|Citazione:||Isolation and characterization of a heparin with high anticoagulant activity from the clam Tapes phylippinarum: evidence for the presence of a high content of antithrombin III binding site / M. Cesaretti; E. Luppi; F. Maccari; N. Volpi. - In: GLYCOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0959-6658. - STAMPA. - 14(2004), pp. 1275-1284.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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