Nitric oxide (NO.) is a novel transmitter with multiple functions in endothelium and neuronal tissue. In particular, it has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the ex vivo detection Df NO. in basal conditions and after ET-1 intrastriatal injection by means of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy using locally injected hemoglobin (Hb) as a NO. trapping agent. The extent of neostriatal damage after Hb and ET-1 injections was assessed by means of immunocytochemistry with a monoclonal antibody against dopamine and cAMP-phosphoprotein M(r) 32 (DARPP-32), which is considered a marker of striatal intrinsic neurons. In the absence of local Hb injection, no signal related to endogenous NO. was detected in the neostriatum, suggesting that endogenous NO. trapping agents are not sufficiently concentrated to allow NO. detection with the present technique. Instead, 1 h after Hb injection, a clear nitrosyl-Hb signal can be detected in neostriatal homogenates. ET-1, a powerful vasoconstrictor agent, was used to cause neuronal loss in the neostriatum. No change in nitrosyl-Hb signal was observed in neostriata 1 h after ET-1 injection, whereas an almost 3-fold increase in the signal intensity was present 24 h after ET-1 injection. The analysis of neostriatal damage showed that Hb injection did not cause either significant damage of striatal tissue or potentiation of ET-1-induced lesions. In conclusion, the present technique allows ex vivo detection of NO. in the brain. The delayed increase in NO. observed after ET-1 injection indicates that this molecule may participate in the development of slowly progressive neuronal damage occurring at late post-ischemic times.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Titolo:||Ex-vivo demonstration of nitric oxide in the rat brain: Effects of intrastriatal endothelin-1 injection|
|Autori:||A.V. Kozlov; G. Biagini; A. Tomasi; I. Zini|
|Autori interni:||BIAGINI, Giuseppe |
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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