Purpose: To evaluate the effect of epirubicin on therapeutic response and survival in patients with indolent nonfollicular B-cell lymphomas (INFL) treated with pulsed high-dose chlorambucil. Patients and Methods: A total of 170 untreated patients with advanced/active INFL were randomly assigned to receive either eight cycles of high-dose chlorambucil (15 mg/m2/d) plus prednisone (100 mg/d) for 5 days (HD-CHL-P; arm A) or eight cycles of HD-CHL-P plus epirubicin 60 mg/m2 intravenous on day 1 (arm B). The responding patients were randomly assigned to either maintenance therapy with interferon alfa (IFN-2a; 3 MU, three times weekly) for 12 months or observation. Results: There were 160 assessable patients (82 males, 78 females; median age, 63 years; range, 33 to 77 years); 77 patients were assigned to arm A, and 83 were assigned to arm B. Induction therapy led to 47 complete responses (CRs; 29.4%) and 68 partial responses (PRs; 42.5%), with no significant difference between the two arms (60 CR + PR in arm A [77.9%] and 55 CR + PR in arm B [66.3%]; P = .07). After a median follow-up of 38 months (range, 2 to 103 months), there was no between-group difference in overall survival (OS; P = .45), failure-free survival (P = .07), or progression-free survival (PFS; P = .5). Eighty-eight patients were randomly assigned to either IFN-2a (n = 43) or observation (n = 45), without any difference in 3-year PFS (44% and 42%, respectively). Univariate analysis showed that OS was influenced by age, anemia, serum lactate dehydrogenase levels, and International Prognostic Index distribution; multivariate analysis identified age and anemia as having influence on OS. Conclusion: HD-CHL-P treatment outcome in INFL patients was good (50% 3-year PFS, minimal toxicity, and low costs); epirubicin did not add any advantage. One-year IFN maintenance treatment did not prolong response duration. Supported by a grant (Ricerca Corrente) from the Italian Ministry of Health to Ospedale Maggiore Istituto Ricovero Cura Carattere Scientifico, Milan, Italy, and a grant from Associazione Angela Serra, Modena, Italy.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Titolo:||Treatment of indolent B-Cell nonfollicular lymphomas: final results of the LL01 randomized trial of the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio dei Linfomi.|
|Autori:||L. Baldini; M. Brugiatelli; S. Luminari; M. Lombardo; F. Merli; S. Sacchi; S.P. Gobbi; M. Liberati; L. Cavanna; M. Colombi; C. Stelitano; M. Goldaniga; F. Morabito; M. Federico; V. Silingardi|
|Autori interni:||LUMINARI, Stefano |
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1200/JCO.2003.07.133|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY|
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