A method for the immunodetection of several natural complex polysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) after their separation by conventional agarose gel electrophoresis, blotting and immobilizing on nitrocellulose membranes derivatized with the cationic detergent cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), and direct and specific immunodetection by antibodies is described. This new approach is based on the principles that were used to develop the Western blot, and is applied to the separation of the glycosaminoglycans purified from normal human urine. After migration in agarose gel electrophoresis, chondroitin sulfate samples of different origin were blotted and transferred onto nitrocellulose membranes treated with CPC. Immunodetection was performed using the anti-chondroitin-6-sulfate antibody that specifically recognizes intact chondroitin-6-sulfate. By calculating the ratio between the antibody staining (epitope) and alcian blue staining (mass), the epitope density expressed as a percentage, i.e., the number of repetitive epitopes per mass, was obtained. These values were in agreement with the quantitation of 6-sulfated groups of chondroitin sulfate performed by the evaluation of unsatured disaccharide-6-sulfate (DeltaDi6S) produced after treatment with chondroitinase ABC and separated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Furthermore, immunodetection of heparan sulfate was performed using the anti-heparan sulfate antibody.
Direct and specific recognition of glycosaminoglycans by antibodies after their separation by agarose gel electrophoresis and blotting on cetylpyridinium chloride-treated nitrocellulose membranes / Maccari, Francesca; Volpi, Nicola. - In: ELECTROPHORESIS. - ISSN 0173-0835. - STAMPA. - 24:9(2003), pp. 1347-1352. [10.1002/elps.200390173]