Objective: To measure body water distribution and to evaluate the accuracy of eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) for the assessment of total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) in severe obesity. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Obesity clinic. Subjects: In all, 75 women aged 18-66 y, 25 with body mass index (BMI) between 19.1 and 29.9 kg/m(2) (ie not obese), 25 with BMI between 30.0 and 39.9 kg/m(2) (ie class I and II obese), and 25 with BMI between 40.0 and 48.2 kg/m(2) (ie class III obese). Methods: TBW and ECW were measured by (H2O)-H-2 and Br dilution. Body resistance (R) was obtained by summing the resistances of arms, trunk and legs as measured by eight-polar BIA (InBody 3.0, Biospace, Seoul, Korea). The resistance index at a frequency of x kHz (RIx) was calculated as height 2/R-x. Results: ECW: TBW was similar in women with class III (46 +/- 3%, mean +/- s.d.) and class I-II obesity (45 +/- 3%) but higher than in nonobese women (39 +/- 3%, P < 0.05). In a random subsample of 37 subjects, RI500 explained 82% of TBW variance (P < 0.0001) and cross-validation of the obtained algorithm in the remaining 38 subjects gave a percent root mean square error (RMSE%) of 5% and a pure error (PE) of 2.1 l. In the same subjects, RI5 explained 87% of ECW variance (P < 0.0001) and cross-validation of the obtained algorithm gave a RMSE% of 8% and a PE of 1.4 l. The contribution of weight and BMI to the prediction of TBW and ECW was nil or negligible on practical grounds. Conclusions: ECW: TBW is similar in women with class I-II and class III obesity up to BMI values of 48.2 kg/m(2). Eight-polar BIA offers accurate estimates of TBW and ECW in women with a wide range of BMI (19.1-48.2 kg/m(2)) without the need of population-specific formulae.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Titolo:||Body water distribution in severe obesity and its assessment from eight-polar bioelectrical impedance analysis|
|Autori:||A. SARTORIO; M. MALAVOLTI; F. AGOSTI; P.G. MARINONE; O. CAITI; N. BATTISTINI; G. BEDOGNI|
|Autori interni:||MALAVOLTI, Marcella |
BATTISTINI, Nino Carlo
|Rivista:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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