Hypovolemic shock was produced in rats by withdrawing about 50% of the estimated total blood volume. Following mean arterial pressure stabilization in the range of 15-25 mm Hg, with a pulse pressure of 7-12 mm Hg, the rats were given intravenous bolus injections either of ACTH fragments or of saline. The following ACTH fragments or analogs were used: ACTH-(4-10), alpha-MSH, ACTH-(1-16), ACTH-(1-17), ACTH-(1-18), [Nle4,D-Phe7]alpha-MSH, [beta-Ala1,Lys17]ACTH-(1-17)-4-amino-n-butilamide (alsactide). ACTH-(1-24) and human synthetic ACTH-(1-39) were used for comparison. All animals treated with saline died in 22.51 +/- 3.62 min. Treatment with ACTH fragments (160 micrograms/kg i.v.) increased blood pressure and pulse amplitude, the effect starting within a few minutes, gradually increasing, and reaching a maximum in 15-30 min. The blood and pulse pressure increases were sustained, remaining almost stable until the end of the 2 h recording. Two out of nine rats treated with alsactide, which was the least active, died within 2 h after treatment, while all rats treated with the other ACTH fragments or analogs were still surviving at that time. Both on a weight and on a molar basis, the most active was ACTH-(1-24), followed by ACTH-(1-16), by the alpha-MSH analog [Nle4,D-Phe7]ACTH-(1-13), by ACTH-(1-18) and by ACTH-(1-17). The present results show that melanocortins reverse otherwise fatal hypovolemic shock, and suggest a new therapeutic approach for shock treatment.
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|Anno di pubblicazione:||1986|
|Titolo:||Alpha-MSH and other ACTH fragments improve cardiovascular function and survival in experimental hemorrhagic shock|
|Autori:||A. Bertolini; S. Guarini; E. Rompianesi; W. Ferrari|
|Autori interni:||BERTOLINI, Alfio |
|Rivista:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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