Objective Hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus are common diseases that are frequently found concomitantly in postmenopausal women. These findings suggest a close and/or synergistic nature in the relationship between the two disease processes; however, no prospective data exist on the incidence rate of hypertension in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods The present study assessed the risk of developing hypertension in 840 postmenopausal women: 102 women (12.1% of the cohort) with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 738 (87.9%) free of diabetes. The mean +/- SD follow-up was 3.2 +/- 0.9 years (range 0.5-6.0 years). Results The incidence rate (cases of hypertension per 100 person-years) was 1.1 for the group of women without diabetes versus 5.6 in women with diabetes (P < 0.0001). Compared with the non-diabetic group, women with type 2 diabetes mellitus had a statistically significant higher risk of developing hypertension. The relative risks for women with diabetes was 5.09 [crude: 95% confidence interval (CI) U 3.52-7.36; P < 0.0001]; 3.43 (adjusted for body mass index and waist circumference: 95% CI U 2.25-5.14; P < 0.001); and 2.95 (adjusted for all potential confounders: 95% CI = 1.86-4.32; P < 0.01). Conclusion In our prospective study, on the incidence of hypertension, the presence of type 2 diabetes was found to be a potent independent risk determinant. This suggests that postmenopausal women affected by type 2 diabetes mellitus comprise a population at high risk for the subsequent development of hypertension.
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Titolo:||Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for the development of hypertension in postmenopausal women|
|Autori:||R. Rossi; V. Turco; G. Origliani; M.G. Modena|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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