Hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid, HA) was for the first time extracted, purified and characterized from the species of mollusc bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis. HA was characterized by agarose-gel electrophoresis, C-13-NMR, HPLC and normal polarity capillary electrophoresis by evaluating the unsaturated disaccharide, DeltaDiHA (Delta-hexuronic acid-N-acetyl-glucosamine) after treatment with chondroitin ABC lyase, and by separating A-tetrasaccharide and A-hexasaccharide generated by the specific action of hyaluronate lyase from Streptomyces hyalurolyticus. The weight average molecular weight (M-w) was found to be about 200 kDa as determined by HPSEC. HA from M. galloprovincialis was not able to interact with aggrecan from bovine cartilage to form high molecular mass aggregate and also had a very low specific viscosity, but it showed the same capacity to inhibit cell proliferation (50 mug per 10(3) human fibroblasts inhibit cell proliferation by about 50%) than high molecular mass HA. HA of M. galloprovincialis could have a physiological role in the regulation of cell functions. (C) 2003 Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

Purification and characterization of hyaluronic acid from the mollusc bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis / Volpi, Nicola; Maccari, Francesca. - In: BIOCHIMIE. - ISSN 0300-9084. - STAMPA. - 85:(2003), pp. 619-625.

Purification and characterization of hyaluronic acid from the mollusc bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis

VOLPI, Nicola;MACCARI, Francesca
2003

Abstract

Hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid, HA) was for the first time extracted, purified and characterized from the species of mollusc bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis. HA was characterized by agarose-gel electrophoresis, C-13-NMR, HPLC and normal polarity capillary electrophoresis by evaluating the unsaturated disaccharide, DeltaDiHA (Delta-hexuronic acid-N-acetyl-glucosamine) after treatment with chondroitin ABC lyase, and by separating A-tetrasaccharide and A-hexasaccharide generated by the specific action of hyaluronate lyase from Streptomyces hyalurolyticus. The weight average molecular weight (M-w) was found to be about 200 kDa as determined by HPSEC. HA from M. galloprovincialis was not able to interact with aggrecan from bovine cartilage to form high molecular mass aggregate and also had a very low specific viscosity, but it showed the same capacity to inhibit cell proliferation (50 mug per 10(3) human fibroblasts inhibit cell proliferation by about 50%) than high molecular mass HA. HA of M. galloprovincialis could have a physiological role in the regulation of cell functions. (C) 2003 Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.
85
619
625
Purification and characterization of hyaluronic acid from the mollusc bivalve Mytilus galloprovincialis / Volpi, Nicola; Maccari, Francesca. - In: BIOCHIMIE. - ISSN 0300-9084. - STAMPA. - 85:(2003), pp. 619-625.
Volpi, Nicola; Maccari, Francesca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/310131
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