AbstractMelanocortin peptides exert, in rats, a protective effect in myocardial ischaemia followed by reperfusion, or permanent occlusion of a coronary artery. Moreover, melanocortins have an anti-shock effect. Since the mechanism of the life-saving effect of these peptides in haemorrhagic shock includes an essential brain loop, we aimed to determine whether the central nervous system (CNS) is also involved in the protective effect against the outcome of short-term myocardial ischaemia followed by reperfusion. Ischaemia was produced in anaesthetized rats by ligature of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 5 min. Reperfusion-induced ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF) and lethality, and the time-course of arterial blood pressure over 5 min following reperfusion were evaluated. Groups of 8-14 rats were used. Intravenous (i.v.) injection of ACTH-(1-24) (0.16-0.48 mg/kg) during the ischaemic period dose dependently reduced the incidence of VT, VF and of lethality. In saline-treated rats, coronary reperfusion caused VT in 100% animals, VF in 86%, and death in 86%, The highest dose of ACTH-(1-24) (0.48 mg/kg) completely prevented the occurrence of VT, VF and death in all rats (P < 0.005). Moreover, the melanocortin peptide prevented the fall in mean arterial pressure (MAP) occurring during reperfusion. Treatment with ACTH-(1-24) by the intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) route also reduced the incidence of VT, VF and lethality, and prevented the fall in MAP in a dose dependent manner. Complete (100%) protection occurred with an i.c.v. dose (0.048 mg/kg) 10 times less than that needed by the i.v. route. The present data show that in the protective effect of melanocortin peptides against the injury after myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion, the i.c.v. route of administration is more effective than the i.v. route. They suggest that a CNS mechanism, not yet identified, may be involved.

Involvement of the central nervous system in the protective effect of melanocortins in myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury / Bazzani, Carla; Mioni, Chiara; G., Ferrazza; Cainazzo, Maria Michela; Bertolini, Alfio; Guarini, Salvatore. - In: RESUSCITATION. - ISSN 0300-9572. - STAMPA. - 52 (1):(2002), pp. 109-115.

Involvement of the central nervous system in the protective effect of melanocortins in myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury

BAZZANI, Carla;MIONI, Chiara;CAINAZZO, Maria Michela;BERTOLINI, Alfio;GUARINI, Salvatore
2002

Abstract

AbstractMelanocortin peptides exert, in rats, a protective effect in myocardial ischaemia followed by reperfusion, or permanent occlusion of a coronary artery. Moreover, melanocortins have an anti-shock effect. Since the mechanism of the life-saving effect of these peptides in haemorrhagic shock includes an essential brain loop, we aimed to determine whether the central nervous system (CNS) is also involved in the protective effect against the outcome of short-term myocardial ischaemia followed by reperfusion. Ischaemia was produced in anaesthetized rats by ligature of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 5 min. Reperfusion-induced ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF) and lethality, and the time-course of arterial blood pressure over 5 min following reperfusion were evaluated. Groups of 8-14 rats were used. Intravenous (i.v.) injection of ACTH-(1-24) (0.16-0.48 mg/kg) during the ischaemic period dose dependently reduced the incidence of VT, VF and of lethality. In saline-treated rats, coronary reperfusion caused VT in 100% animals, VF in 86%, and death in 86%, The highest dose of ACTH-(1-24) (0.48 mg/kg) completely prevented the occurrence of VT, VF and death in all rats (P < 0.005). Moreover, the melanocortin peptide prevented the fall in mean arterial pressure (MAP) occurring during reperfusion. Treatment with ACTH-(1-24) by the intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) route also reduced the incidence of VT, VF and lethality, and prevented the fall in MAP in a dose dependent manner. Complete (100%) protection occurred with an i.c.v. dose (0.048 mg/kg) 10 times less than that needed by the i.v. route. The present data show that in the protective effect of melanocortin peptides against the injury after myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion, the i.c.v. route of administration is more effective than the i.v. route. They suggest that a CNS mechanism, not yet identified, may be involved.
52 (1)
109
115
Involvement of the central nervous system in the protective effect of melanocortins in myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury / Bazzani, Carla; Mioni, Chiara; G., Ferrazza; Cainazzo, Maria Michela; Bertolini, Alfio; Guarini, Salvatore. - In: RESUSCITATION. - ISSN 0300-9572. - STAMPA. - 52 (1):(2002), pp. 109-115.
Bazzani, Carla; Mioni, Chiara; G., Ferrazza; Cainazzo, Maria Michela; Bertolini, Alfio; Guarini, Salvatore
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/310071
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