A solution study on the ability of galactaric acid [GalaH(2), HOOC(CH)(4) COOH] in the complexation of biological metal ions such as Co(II) and Ni(II) and toxic metal ions such as Cd(II), Pb(II) and Hg(II), is reported. The stability constants of the complex species are determined by means of potentiometric measurements. Galactaric acid behaves as chelate ligand through carboxylic oxygen and alpha-hydroxy group towards Co(II) and Ni(II), while in the Pb(II) and Cd(II) containing system it co-ordinates the metal ion with carboxylic oxygen and two alcoholic hydroxy groups. The prevailing species at acidic or neutral pH is [MGala] which is also isolated in the solid state and characterized by means of IR spectroscopy. On increasing pH, the [MGalaH_(1)](-) species is also formed where the co-ordinated OH group undergoes deprotonation in all metal ion complexes except those with Hg(II), where the co-ordination of hydroxide ion is suggested as the precipitation of the metal hydroxide occurs at pH 7. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Co-ordination of transition metal ions by galactaric acid: a potentiometric and spectroscopic study / Saladini, Monica; Ferrari, Erika; Menabue, Ledi. - In: JOURNAL OF INORGANIC BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0162-0134. - STAMPA. - 92:(2002), pp. 121-127. [10.1016/s0162-0134(02)00544-5]